Mozhaysky, Aleksandr Fyodorovich

Mozhaysky, Aleksandr Fyodorovich

▪ Russian naval officer
born March 9, 1825, Rochensalm, Russia [now Kotka, Fin.]
died March 20, 1890, St. Petersburg

      Russian naval officer and early experimenter with winged flying machines.

      Having conducted his own studies of aerodynamic (aviation) phenomena, Mozhaysky constructed a series of flying models and kites (kite). One account suggests that he designed a glider and was towed into the air by horses. His plans for a full-scale powered flying machine were studied and approved by a government commission that included the great Russian chemist Dmitry Ivanovich Mendeleyev (Mendeleyev, Dmitry Ivanovich). Mozhaysky's aircraft apparently made a short hop into the air following a run down a launch ramp in 1884. The French pioneer Felix du Temple had made the first powered hop under similar circumstances as early as 1857–58. Mozhaysky's aeronautical experiments were almost completely unknown until rediscovered by Soviet propagandists, who falsely portrayed him as the inventor of the airplane.

Tom D. Crouch
 

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • flight, history of — ▪ aviation Introduction  development of heavier than air flying machines. Important landmarks and events along the way to the invention of the airplane include an understanding of the dynamic reaction of lifting surfaces (or wings), building… …   Universalium

  • Monoplane — For Félix du Temple s invention, see Monoplane (1874) Monoplane The low wing of a Curtiss P 40 …   Wikipedia

  • Meanings of minor planet names: 2501–3000 — As minor planet discoveries are confirmed, they are given a permanent number by the IAU s Minor Planet Center, and the discoverers can then submit names for them, following the IAU s naming conventions. The list below concerns those minor planets …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”