Mosher, Eliza Maria

Mosher, Eliza Maria

▪ American physician and educator
born Oct. 2, 1846, Cayuga county, N.Y., U.S.
died Oct. 16, 1928, New York, N.Y.
 American physician and educator whose wide-ranging medical career included an educational focus on physical fitness and health maintenance.

      In 1869, over the objections of friends and family, Mosher entered the New England Hospital for Women and Children as an intern apprentice. After a year she was forced to suspend her education to nurse her mother, and during that time she also assisted a woman doctor in Boston. In 1871 she entered the University of Michigan, where she completed the medical course and received her M.D. in 1875. From 1875 to 1877 she was in private practice with a classmate in Poughkeepsie, New York, after which she was appointed resident physician at the Massachusetts Reformatory Prison for Women, newly opened at the instigation of Ellen C. Johnson. After establishing hospital facilities in the prison, Mosher was responsible for virtually all medical, surgical, and dental care. In 1880 she was made superintendent of the prison, but an accidental injury three years later forced her to resign. She then returned to private practice in Brooklyn, New York, in partnership with Lucy M. Hall, a Michigan classmate and colleague at the reformatory. Mosher and Hall also alternated semesters as resident physician and associate professor of physiology and hygiene at Vassar College, Poughkeepsie (1883–87).

      In 1888 Mosher organized a medical training course at the Union Missionary Training Institute in Brooklyn, and the next year she became lecturer on anatomy and hygiene at the Chautauqua, New York, summer school; her association with both institutions lasted for several years. In 1896 she became dean of women and professor of hygiene at the University of Michigan (Michigan, University of). Mosher was the first woman on the university's faculty, and she retained her posts, as well as those of director of physical education and resident physician to women students, until ill health forced her resignation in 1902. For the rest of her life she practiced medicine privately in Brooklyn and lectured at various institutions.

      In her educational work Mosher had always been interested in the fields of health maintenance and physical education and fitness, and in private research she investigated medical aspects of posture. She devised an orthopedically sound school desk and chair for children and was a founder of the American Posture League. From 1905 to 1928 she was senior editor of the Medical Women's Journal. In 1912 she published Health and Happiness: A Message to Girls.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Eliza Maria Mosher — (* 2. Oktober 1846 in Poplar Ridge/Cayuga County; † 16. Oktober 1928 in New York City) war eine US amerikanische Medizinerin und erste weibliche Vollprofessorin der University of Michigan. Biografie Mosher, Tochter einer Quäkerfamilie,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eliza Maria Mosher — Infobox Scientist name = PAGENAME box width = image size =150px caption = PAGENAME birth date = 2 October, 1846 birth place = death date = 16 October, 1928 death place = New York city residence = citizenship = nationality = United States… …   Wikipedia

  • Mosher — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Eliza Maria Mosher (1846–1928), US amerikanische Medizinerin Terry Mosher (* 1942), kanadischer Cartoonist Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Mosher (Missouri) Mosher (South Dakota) Mosher Corner (Maine)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eliza — ist: ELIZA, ein sprachwissenschaftliches Computerprogramm Der Name mehrerer Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Eliza (Illinois) Eliza (Louisiana) Eliza ist ein Personenname: eine Kurzform von Elizabeth, der englischen Form des Namens Elisabeth… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste der Biografien/Mos–Moz — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William S. Bainbridge — William Seaman Bainbridge (* 17. Februar 1870 in Providence; † 22. September 1947 in Danbury/Connecticut) war ein US amerikanischer Chirurg und Gynäkologe sowie Militärarzt der U.S. Navy. Er war Mitbegründer des International Committee of… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Periodical Literature in the United States —     Periodical Literature The United States     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Periodical Literature (The United States)     According to The Official Catholic Directory for 1911, there are 321 Catholic periodicals published in the United States. Of… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • William Seaman Bainbridge — (* 17. Februar 1870 in Providence; † 22. September 1947 in Danbury/Connecticut) war ein US amerikanischer Chirurg und Gynäkologe sowie Militärarzt der U.S. Navy. Er war Mitbegründer des International Committee of Military Medicine (ICMM).… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henry Poe — William Henry Poe William Henry Léonard Poe, né le 30 janvier 1807 à Boston, dans le Massachusetts, mort le 1er août 1831 à Baltimore, dans le Maryland, est le frère aîné d Edgar Allan Poe. Sommaire 1 Vie 1.1 La famille Poe …   Wikipédia en Français

  • William Henry Poe — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Poe. William Henry Léonard Poe, né le 30 janvier 1807 à Boston, dans le Massachusetts, mort le 1er août 1831 à Baltimore, dans le Maryland, est le frère aîné d Edgar Allan Poe. Sommaire …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”