Mesrop Mashtots, Saint

Mesrop Mashtots, Saint

▪ Armenian theologian and linguist
Mesrop also spelled  Mesrob 
born c. 360, Hatsik, Armenia [modern Muş, Turkey]
died February 17, 440; Western feast day, Thursday following 4th Sunday after Pentecost, and Monday following 3rd Sunday after the Assumption; Armenian feast day, February 19

      monk, theologian, and linguist who, according to tradition, invented the Armenian script (Armenian alphabet) in 405 and helped establish Armenia's golden age of Christian literature (Armenian literature).

      After studying Classical languages with the patriarch Nerses I, Mesrop Mashtots began a monastic existence about 395. He was ordained a priest, maintained a lifelong esteem for the ascetic life, and founded several monasteries. He spread the Gospel in remote areas of Armenia and suppressed Mazdaism, a religion descended from Zoroastrianism. Later, he served as chancellor to King Vramshapuh, who supported him in systematizing or inventing the definitive 36-character Armenian alphabet, following a Greek model; Isaac the Great (Isaac the Great, Saint), supreme head of the Armenian Apostolic Church, and a Greek known as Rufanos were also believed to have helped. (Two letters were added later.) This alphabet was initially used to translate from the Greek the first popular Armenian Bible, the “Mesropian” Bible (c. 410). Mesrop Mashtots himself was responsible for translating the New Testament and the Old Testament book of Proverbs. He subsequently revised the entire text.

      Mesrop Mashtots dispatched his circle of scholars to Constantinople (modern Istanbul), Alexandria, and Rome in search of biblical and literary manuscripts. A collection of biblical commentaries, translations of patristic works, and liturgical prayers and hymns constructed on an eight-tone scale is credited to him, corroborating his reputation for having laid the foundation of a national Armenian liturgy (Armenian rite).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mesrop Mashtots — Mesrop Machtots Demande de traduction Месроп Маштоц → …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Saint Mesrob — St. Mesrop Mashtots Statue of Saint Mesrop Mashtots, founder of the Armenian alphabet, at the Matenadaran Institute of Ancient Manuscripts in Yerevan, Armenia. The original letters (i.e. only uppercase) in their original shapes can be seen on the …   Wikipedia

  • Mesrop Machtots —  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Machtots.  Mesrop Machtots Մեսրոպ Մաշտոց …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Saint — 1347 80, Italian ascetic and mystic. died A.D. 731, pope 715 731. died A.D. 741, pope 731 741. died A.D. 352, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 337 352. died A.D. 683, Sicilian ecclesiastic: pope 682 683. died A.D. 855, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 847… …   Universalium

  • saint — saintless, adj. /saynt/, n. 1. any of certain persons of exceptional holiness of life, formally recognized as such by the Christian Church, esp. by canonization. 2. a person of great holiness, virtue, or benevolence. 3. a founder, sponsor, or… …   Universalium

  • Isaac the Great, Saint — ▪ Armenian religious leader Armenian Sahak born c. 345 died , probably Sept. 7, 439, Ashtishat, Armenia; feast days two weeks before Lent and early in July       celebrated catholicos, or spiritual head, of the Armenian Apostolic (Armenian… …   Universalium

  • Mesrob Mashtots — San Mesrob Mashtots Estatua de San Mesrob Mashtots en el Matenadaran Instituto de Antiguos Manuscritos en Ereván, Armenia. Las letras originales pueden ser vistas en la piedra. Festividad …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mesrob, Saint — or Saint Mesrop Mashtots born с 360, Hatsik, Armenia died Feb. 17, 440; Armenian feast day, February 19 Armenian theologian and linguist. A scholar of classical languages, he became a monk с 395 and eventually founded several monasteries,… …   Universalium

  • Mesrob Mashtots — Mesrop Machtots Demande de traduction Месроп Маштоц → …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Armenian language — Indo European language of the Armenians. It is spoken by perhaps five to six million people worldwide. Armenian has undergone phonetic and grammatical changes that make it completely distinct from other branches of Indo European; its closest… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”