▪ king of Israel
also spelled  Manahem  
flourished 8th century BC

      king of Israel whose 10-year reign was distinguished for its cruelty. Events of his rule are related in II Kings 15:14–22. In about 746 BC, Shallum ben Jabesh assassinated Zechariah, king of Israel (the northern kingdom of the Jews, as distinguished from the southern kingdom, Judah), and established his throne in the region of Samaria. One month later, Menahem advanced from his headquarters at Tirzah, the old royal city of Israel, against Shallum and killed him. Menahem assumed power but was not accepted by the district around the city of Tappuah; in revenge Menahem slaughtered the city's inhabitants, including pregnant women.

      Toward the end of Menahem's reign, the Assyrian king Tiglath-pileser III (identified in the Bible as King Pul) advanced against Israel; he was deterred only by a large bribe, which Menahem extorted from his wealthy subjects. Israel remained subjugated to Assyria under Menahem's son and successor, Pekahiah, who was forced to continue tribute. The 19th-century Jewish historian Heinrich Graetz speculated that Menahem introduced licentious religious rites from Assyria into Israel.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • MENAHEM — (Heb. מְנַחֵם; comforter ; in Assyrian inscriptions Me ni ḥi im me, Mi in ḥi im mu), king of Israel, c. 746/6–737/6 B.C.E., son of Gadi (II Kings 15:17). Menahem seized the throne after assassinating shallum son of Jabesh (15:14). Shallum and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Menahem — (auch: Menachem, hebr. ‏מנחם‎, deutsch „Tröster“) war König von Israel. Seine Regierungszeit wird von Albright auf die Jahre 745 v. Chr. bis 738 v. Chr., nach anderen Exegeten auf die Zeit von 752 v. Chr. bis 742 v. Chr. datiert. Menahem, der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ménahem — (מְנַחֵם), fils de Gadi, fut roi d’Israël pendant environ 10 ans au milieu du VIIIe siècle av. J.‑C.. L’auteur biblique reproche à Ménahem sa complaisance vis à vis des idoles, à l’image de la plupart des rois d’Israël. Son royaume… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Menahem — Menahem, 1) Sohn Gadi s aus Thirza, war Feldoberster des Königs Sacharja von Israel, stürzte nach dessen Tode den Usurpator Sallum, bestieg selbst 771 (od. 773 od. 769 od. 759) den Thron, welchen ihm der Assyrerkönig gegen ein Geschenk von 1000… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Menahem — (Menachem), König von Israel (760–750, nach andrer Zeitrechnung 748–738), Sohn des Gadi aus Tirza, tötete Sallum, den Mörder Secharjas, und schwang sich auf den Thron. Er herrschte grausam, vermochte aber weder Ordnung im Innern noch Sicherheit… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Menahem — (hebr., »Tröster«), König von Israel, usurpierte um 740 den Thron und hielt sich mit Hilfe des Teglattphalasar von Assyrien, dem er Tribut zahlte …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Menahem — m Jewish: name meaning ‘comforter’ in Hebrew. It was borne in the Scriptures by an evil king of Israel who massacred pregnant women (2 Kings 15: 14–18), but the name has nevertheless always been a popular one among Jews; in earlier times it was… …   First names dictionary

  • Menahem — Kings of Ancient Israel United Monarchy of Israel Saul • Ish bosheth David • Solomon • Rehoboam Northern Kingdom of Israel Jeroboam I • Nadab Baasha • Elah Zimri Omri • Ahab • A …   Wikipedia

  • Menahem —    Conforting, the son of Gadi, and successor of Shallum, king of Israel, whom he slew. After a reign of about ten years (B.C. 771 760) he died, leaving the throne to his son Pekahiah. His reign was one of cruelty and oppression (2 Kings 15:14… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Menahem — (fl. 8th cent BCE)    King of Israel (c. 746/7 737 BCE). He siezed the throne after assassinating Shallum, son of Jabesh. When the Assyrian king Tiglath Pileser III invaded Israel, Menahem was forced to pay him tribute (II Kings 15:19) …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

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