Maxim, Hudson

Maxim, Hudson

▪ American inventor
born Feb. 3, 1853, Orneville, Maine, U.S.
died May 6, 1927, Landing Post Office, N.J.
 American inventor of explosives (explosive) extensively used in World War I.

      Maxim's study of chemistry at Wesleyan Seminary in Kent's Hill, Maine, led to a hypothesis concerning the compound nature of atoms not unlike the atomic theory later accepted. In 1888, as a member of the gun and ammunition company founded by his brother, Hiram Maxim, he experimented with explosives and in 1890 built a dynamite and powder factory at Maxim, N.J. There, with R.C. Schupphaus, he developed the Maxim-Schupphaus smokeless powder, the first in the United States and the first adopted by the U.S. government. He next invented a smokeless cannon powder, with cylindrical grains so perforated that it burned more rapidly, which was widely used during World War I. In 1897 he sold his factory and patents to E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company but remained with them as consulting engineer until his death.

      Maxim invented maximite, a high explosive bursting powder 50 percent more powerful than dynamite, which, when placed in torpedoes, resisted the shock of firing and the still greater shock of piercing armour plate without bursting. This powder was then set off by a delayed-action detonating fuse, also Maxim's invention. Later, he perfected a new smokeless powder, called stabillite because of its high stability, and motorite, a self-combustive substance to propel torpedoes.

      During World War I Maxim served as chairman of the committee on ordnance and explosives of the naval consulting board and donated several inventions to the government.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Maxim gun — An early Maxim gun in operation with the Royal Navy Type Heavy Machine Gun Place of origin …   Wikipedia

  • Maxim Gun —    , MAXIM SILENCER    There were three Maxims, all inventors. The elder Maxim, Sir Hiram Stevens (1840 1916), was born near Sangerville, Maine. He moved to England and became a naturalized British citizen. Between the years 1881 and 1884, he… …   Dictionary of eponyms

  • Maxim — se puede referir a: Personalidades: Maxim Reality, cantautor inglés. Carl Maximowicz, botánico (abreviación: Maxim) Hiram Stevens Maxim (1840 1916), inventor. Hudson Maxim (1853 1927) inventor y químico estadounidense. Hiram Percy Maxim (1869… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Maxim — Maxim1 [mak′sim] n. [after MAXIM2 Sir Hiram Stevens] an early, single barreled, automatic machine gun: in full Maxim gun Maxim2 [mak′sim] 1. Hiram Percy 1869 1936; U.S. inventor: son of Sir Hiram 2. Sir Hiram Stevens 1840 1916; Brit. engineer &… …   English World dictionary

  • Hudson Maxim — Unreferenced|date=February 2007Hudson Maxim (February 3, 1853 ndash; May 6, 1927), was a U.S. inventor and chemist who invented a variety of explosives, including smokeless gunpowder. He was the brother of Hiram Stevens Maxim, inventor of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Maxim — /mak sim/; for 4 also Fr. /mannk seem /, Russ. /mu ksyeem /, n. 1. Hiram Percy, 1869 1936, U.S. inventor. 2. his father, Sir Hiram Stevens, 1840 1916, English inventor, born in the U.S.: inventor of the Maxim gun. 3. Hudson, 1853 1927, U.S.… …   Universalium

  • Maxim — I. biographical name Sir Hiram Stevens 1840 1916 British (American born) inventor II. biographical name Hudson 1853 1927 brother of Sir Hiram American inventor …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Maxim,Sir Hiram Stevens — Max·im (măkʹsĭm), Sir Hiram Stevens. 1840 1916. American born British inventor of an automatic, recoil operated machine gun (1884), which was widely used during World War I. His brother Hudson (1853 1927) invented smokeless gun powder, and his… …   Universalium

  • Maxim — Max•im [[t]ˈmæk sɪm[/t]] n. 1) big Sir Hiram Stevens, 1840–1916, English inventor, born in the U.S 2) big his brother, Hudson, 1853–1927, U.S. inventor …   From formal English to slang

  • Maxim family — /ˈmæksəm/ (say maksuhm) noun a US British family of inventors of guns, etc. 1. Sir Hiram Stevens, 1840–1916, British inventor of the first automatic machine gun, born in the US. 2. his brother, Hudson, 1853–1927, US inventor of a smokeless cannon …  

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”