Maxim, Hiram Percy

Maxim, Hiram Percy

▪ American inventor and manufacturer
born Sept. 2, 1869, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S.
died Feb. 17, 1936, La Junta, Colo.
 American inventor and manufacturer known especially for the “Maxim silencer” gun attachment.

      Son and nephew of famous inventors, Maxim graduated from Massachusetts Institute of Technology, then in Boston, at age 16 and by 1890 was superintendent of the American Projectile Company plant at Lynn, Mass. While bicycling from Salem to Lynn, he conceived the idea for a gasoline-powered tricycle, which he built by 1895, leading to his employment by the Pope Manufacturing Company of Hartford, Conn. There he supervised production of the vehicle and also designed an electric automobile, the Columbia, which the company manufactured for several years.

      His efforts to improve the gasoline-powered automobile led to research on the exhaust muffler, which in turn brought the discovery of the principle that made possible the famous “silencer.” This invention brought him fame, and even notoriety, as editors, writers, and the general public mistakenly assumed that the device could be attached to the pistols of criminals; in actuality, it was usable only on a sealed-breech rifle and never found wide demand. The ensuing furor led to its prohibition in many states in the United States and in several other countries and caused Maxim to stop its manufacture in 1930. He adapted the principle to mufflers, safety valves, air compressors and blowers, and other devices.

      In his later years Maxim became a champion of the rights of amateur radio operators and was instrumental in opening shortwave and ultra-shortwave radio to them.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hiram Percy Maxim — (* 2. September 1869 in Brooklyn, New York; † 17. Februar 1936 in La Junta, Colorado) war ein US amerikanischer Erfinder. Der Sohn von Hiram Maxim, dem Erfinder des Maschinengewehrs, wurde bekannt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hiram Percy Maxim — (September 2, 1869 ndash; February 17, 1936) was co founder of the American Radio Relay League and originally had the amateur call sign 1AW, and later W1AW, which is now the ARRL Headquarters club station call sign. His rotary spark gap… …   Wikipedia

  • Hiram Stevens Maxim — This article is about Hiram Stevens Maxim. For his son, automotive pioneer and co founder of the ARRL, see Hiram Percy Maxim. Sir Hiram Stevens Maxim Born February 5, 1840(1840 02 05) Sangerville, Maine …   Wikipedia

  • Hiram Stevens Maxim — Hiram Maxim Hiram Stevens Maxim (1912) Hiram Stevens Maxim (5 février 1840 24 novembre 1916) est un inventeur britannique d origine américaine. Il a notamment inventé la mitrailleuse Maxi …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hiram Maxim — Hiram Stevens Maxim (1912) Sir Hiram Stevens Maxim (5 février 1840 24 novembre 1916) est un inventeur britannique d origine américaine. Il a notamment inventé la mitrailleuse Maxim et le piège à souris …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hiram Stevens Maxim — Retrato de Hiram Stevens Maxim. Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Hiram Maxim — Hiram S. Maxim Maxim Maschinengewehr ca. 1910 Sir Hiram Stevens Maxim (* 5. Februar 1840 in Sangerville …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Maxim Gun —    , MAXIM SILENCER    There were three Maxims, all inventors. The elder Maxim, Sir Hiram Stevens (1840 1916), was born near Sangerville, Maine. He moved to England and became a naturalized British citizen. Between the years 1881 and 1884, he… …   Dictionary of eponyms

  • Hiram — ist der Name folgender Personen: Hiram I. (Tyros) (999–935 v. Chr.), phönizischer König Hiram Abif, Architekt nach Freimaurerlegende Hiram Bingham (1875–1956), US amerikanischer Archäologe und Politiker Hiram Bullock (1955–2008), US… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Maxim — (lat.: māximus/māxumus = „der/das Größte/Älteste“, „Größter/Größtes“/„Ältester/Ältestes“) bezeichnet: Maxim (Automarke), eine ehemalige britische Automarke Maxim (Kino), eines der ältesten Münchner Kinos Maxim (Zeitschrift), ein Männer Magazin… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”