Maccabeus, Judas

Maccabeus, Judas

▪ Jewish leader
also called  Judah Maccabee, Maccabeus  also spelled  Maccabaeus 
died 161/160 BC

      Jewish guerrilla leader who defended his country from invasion by the Seleucid king Antiochus IV Epiphanes, preventing the imposition of Hellenism upon Judaea, and preserving the Jewish religion.

      The son of Mattathias, an aged priest who took to the mountains in rebellion when Antiochus attempted to impose the Greek religion on the Jews, Judas took over the rebel leadership on his father's death and proved to be a military genius, overthrowing four Seleucid armies in quick succession and restoring the Temple of Jerusalem. This deed is celebrated in the Jewish festival of lights, Ḥanukka (Hanukkah). On Antiochus' death in 164 BC, the Seleucids offered the Jews freedom of worship, but Judas continued the war, hoping to free his nation politically as well as religiously. Although he himself was killed two years later, his younger brothers took over the fight, finally securing the independence of Judaea.

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  • Maccabeus,Judas — Mac·ca·be·us also Mac·ca·bae·us (măk ə bēʹəs), Judas or Judah Died 160B.C. Jewish patriot and most famous member of the Maccabees family. His rededication of the Temple at Jerusalem (164 B.C.) is commemorated by the feast of Hanukkah. * * * …   Universalium

  • Judas Maccabeus — Infobox Military Person name= Judas Maccabeus lived= caption= nickname= placeofbirth= Modiin, Judea placeofdeath= Elasa, near modern day Ramallah allegiance= Hasmonean branch= Maccabees serviceyears= 167 BCE 160 BCE rank= unit= commands= battles …   Wikipedia

  • Judas — (Greek: Ιούδας) is the anglicized Greek rendering of the Hebrew name Yehudah (Hebrew: יְהוּדָה), also rendered in English as Judah. Contents 1 People 2 Arts 3 Other 4 See also …   Wikipedia

  • Judas Makkabäus — Judäa zur Zeit des Judas Makkabäus Juda …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Maccabeus, Jonathan — ▪ Jewish general also called  Apphus, Maccabeus  also spelled  Maccabaeus  died 143/142 BC       Jewish general, a son of the priest Mattathias, who took over the leadership of the Maccabean revolt after the death of his elder brother Judas. A… …   Universalium

  • Maccabaeus,Judas — Mac·ca·bae·us (măk ə bēʹəs), Judas. See Maccabeus, Judas. * * * …   Universalium

  • Eleazar Maccabeus — Eleazar Maccabeus, also known as Eleazar Hachorani/Choran(or Horani) (b. ???BC d. 162 BC; Hebrew: אלעזר המכבי, אלעזר החורני Eleazar HaMakabi ) was the youngest son of Mattathias and the younger brother of Judas Maccabeus. He was killed at the… …   Wikipedia

  • Palestine — /pal euh stuyn / for 1, 2; /pal euh steen / for 3, n. 1. Also called Holy Land. Biblical name, Canaan. an ancient country in SW Asia, on the E coast of the Mediterranean. 2. a former British mandate (1923 48) comprising part of this country,… …   Universalium

  • Hanukkah — /hah neuh keuh/; Ashk. Heb. /khah neuh keuh/; Seph. Heb. /khah nooh kah /, n. a Jewish festival lasting eight days, celebrated from the 25th day of the month of Kislev to the 2nd of Tevet in commemoration of the rededication of the Temple by the… …   Universalium

  • Antiochus IV Epiphanes — born с 215 died 164 BC, Tabae, Iran Seleucid king of the Hellenistic Syrian kingdom (175–164 BC). Son of Antiochus III, he was taken hostage in Rome (189–175), where he learned about Roman institutions. On his release, he ousted a usurper to take …   Universalium

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