Lynd, Robert; and Lynd, Helen

Lynd, Robert; and Lynd, Helen

▪ American sociologists
in full  Robert Staughton Lynd  and  original name  Helen Merrell  
born September 26, 1892, New Albany, Indiana, U.S.
died November 1, 1970, Warren, Connecticut
born March 17, 1894, La Grange, Illinois, U.S.
died January 30, 1982, Warren, Ohio

      husband-and-wife team of American sociologists who collaborated on the Middletown books, which became classics of sociological literature as well as popular successes. The Lynds are said to have been the first to apply the methods of cultural anthropology to the study of a modern Western city.

      Robert Lynd edited the trade magazine Publishers Weekly (1914–18) and later worked for book-publishing firms in New York City. He directed a sociological study of small cities for the Institute of Social and Religious Research (1923–26), served as an official of the Social Science Research Council (1927–31), and taught sociology at Columbia University (from 1931). He also was the sole author of Knowledge for What? (1939). On September 3, 1921, he and Helen Merrell were married. Helen Lynd taught at Sarah Lawrence College (Bronxville, New York) from 1929 to 1964, and her independent writings include On Shame and the Search for Identity (1958) and Toward Discovery (1965).

      On the basis of field observations of social stratification in Muncie, Indiana, the Lynds wrote Middletown: A Study in Contemporary American Culture (1929), innovatively treating the middle class as a tribe in the anthropological sense. Their follow-up study, Middletown in Transition: A Study in Cultural Conflicts (1937), analyzed the social changes induced by the Great Depression of the 1930s. Although no longer typical of American communities, Middletown (Muncie) is still the site of studies documenting social and cultural change in the United States.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Lynd, Helen Merrell — (1896 1982) Helen Lynd was an American ethnographer and social theorist whose most famous books, co authored with her husband Robert S. Lynd, concerned life in a small Midwestern town. The Lynds lived in the community they studied (‘Middletown’… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Lynd, Robert (Staughton); and Lynd, Helen — orig. Helen Merrell born Sept. 26, 1892, New Albany, Ind., U.S. died Nov. 1, 1970, Warren, Conn. born March 17, 1894, La Grange, Ill., U.S. died Jan. 30, 1982, Warren, Ohio U.S. sociologists. The Lynds taught for several decades at Columbia… …   Universalium

  • Robert Staughton Lynd — (1892 1970) was an American sociologist born in New Albany, Indiana. He was a professor of sociology at Columbia University, New York City.Robert and Helen Lynd are best known for writing the groundbreaking Middletown studies of Muncie, Indiana… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert — /rob euhrt/, n. 1. Henry Martyn /mahr tn/, 1837 1923, U.S. engineer and authority on parliamentary procedure: author of Robert s Rules of Order (1876, revised 1915). 2. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning glory and bright. * * * (as… …   Universalium

  • Helen — /hel euhn/, n. 1. Also called Helen of Troy. Class. Myth. the beautiful daughter of Zeus and Leda and wife of Menelaus whose abduction by Paris was the cause of the Trojan War. 2. a female given name. [ < F Hélène < L Helena < Gk Heléne, of… …   Universalium

  • Robert Staughton Lynd — (* 26. September 1892 in New Albany, Indiana; † 1. November 1970 in New York City) war ein US amerikanischer Soziologe und Professor an der Columbia University, New York. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Rezeption …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Helen Lynd — Helen Merrel Lynd (March 17, 1896 ndash; January 30, 1982) was a U.S. sociologist and social philosopher. Author of Shame and the Search for Identity and co author of Middletown: A Study in Contemporary American Culture with husband Robert… …   Wikipedia

  • Lynd — /lind/, n. Robert Staughton /stawt n/, 1892 1970, and his wife Helen (Merrell) /mer euhl/, 1896 1982, U.S. sociologists. * * * …   Universalium

  • Lynd — /lind/, n. Robert Staughton /stawt n/, 1892 1970, and his wife Helen (Merrell) /mer euhl/, 1896 1982, U.S. sociologists …   Useful english dictionary

  • Staughton Lynd — (born November 22, 1929) is an American conscientious objector, peace activist and civil rights activist, tax resister, historian, professor, author and lawyer. His involvement in social justice causes has brought him into contact with some of… …   Wikipedia

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