Krupskaya, Nadezhda Konstantinovna

Krupskaya, Nadezhda Konstantinovna

▪ Soviet politician
born Feb. 14 [Feb. 26, New Style], 1869, St. Petersburg, Russia
died Feb. 27, 1939, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R.

      revolutionary who became the wife of Vladimir I. Lenin (Lenin, Vladimir Ilich), played a central role in the Bolshevik (later Communist) Party, and was a prominent member of the Soviet educational bureaucracy.

      A Marxist activist in St. Petersburg in the early 1890s, Krupskaya met Lenin about 1894. She was arrested in August 1896, and, when sentenced in 1898 to three years of exile, she obtained permission to spend her term with Lenin, who was then in exile in Shushenskoye, Siberia. On July 10 (July 22, New Style), 1898, Krupskaya and Lenin were married.

      In 1901, after serving her term, Krupskaya joined Lenin (who had finished his sentence in 1900) in Munich. She subsequently settled with him in several European cities, returning briefly to Russia in 1905. Despite her ill health she served as Lenin's personal secretary as well as editorial secretary for his party newspapers and journals. She supported him in his factional feuds within the Russian Social-Democratic Workers' Party, helped found the Bolsheviks, and assumed a large degree of responsibility for organizing its members inside Russia.

      Returning to Russia after the February Revolution of 1917, Krupskaya spread Bolshevik propaganda, carried messages from Lenin to his colleagues while he was hiding in Finland (July–October), and, after the Bolsheviks seized power (October 1917), became a member of the collegium of the People's Commissariat of Education.

      After Lenin's death (1924), Krupskaya joined Joseph Stalin's opponents but later dissociated herself from the opposition and remained formally aloof from the intraparty struggles. She continued to serve the party, although her influence was never restored, and her memoirs, Vospominaniya o Lenine (1957; “Recollections of Lenin”), were criticized for erroneously depicting Lenin; her publications on education, Pedagogicheskive sochineniya, 11 vol. (1957–63; “Pedagogical Works”), were also condemned for conveying mistaken concepts of education and political training.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Krupskaya,Nadezhda Konstantinovna — Krup·ska·ya (kro͝opʹskə yə), Nadezhda Konstantinovna. 1869 1939. Russian revolutionary and wife of Vladimir Lenin. She held numerous political posts before and after the October Revolution (1917) and wrote Memories of Lenin (1930). * * * …   Universalium

  • Krupskaya, Nadezhda (Konstantinovna) — born Feb. 26, 1869, St. Petersburg, Russia died Feb. 27, 1939, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R. Russian revolutionary, wife of Vladimir Ilich Lenin. A Marxist activist from the 1890s, she met Lenin с 1894. Sentenced to three years in exile in 1898, she… …   Universalium

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  • Nadezhda (given name) — Nadezhda or Nadežda (Cyrillic Надежда) is a Slavic female given name popular in Russia, Bulgaria, Serbia and other Slavic countries. It means hope . A Ukrainian version of this name is Nadiya (or Nadija), Cyrillic Надія. Czech version is Naděje.… …   Wikipedia

  • Krupskaya — biographical name Nadezhda Konstantinovna 1869 1939 wife of Lenin Russian revolutionary …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Krupskaya — /krddoohp skeuh yeuh/, n. Nadezhda Konstantinovna /nu dye zhdeuh keuhn stun tyee neuhv neuh/, 1869 1939, Russian social worker and wife of V.I. Lenin. * * * …   Universalium

  • Krupskaya — /ˈkrupskaja/ (say kroohpskahyah) noun Nadezhda Konstantinovna /naˈdjɛʒdə kənstanˈtinəvnə/ (say nah dyezhduh kuhnstahn teenuhvnuh), 1869–1939, Russian social worker, Bolshevik party organiser and wife of Lenin …   Australian-English dictionary

  • Krupskaya — /krddoohp skeuh yeuh/, n. Nadezhda Konstantinovna /nu dye zhdeuh keuhn stun tyee neuhv neuh/, 1869 1939, Russian social worker and wife of V.I. Lenin …   Useful english dictionary

  • Lenin, Vladimir Ilich — ▪ prime minister of Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Introduction original name  Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov  born April 10 [April 22, New Style], 1870, Simbirsk, Russia died Jan. 21, 1924, Gorki [later Gorki Leninskiye], near Moscow  founder of… …   Universalium

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