Ibn Muqlah

Ibn Muqlah

▪ Islamic calligrapher
in full Abū ʿalī Muḥammad Ibn ʿalī Ibn Muqlah
born 886, Baghdad
died 940, Baghdad

      one of the foremost calligraphers of the ʿAbbāsid Age (750–1258), reputed inventor of the first cursive style of Arabic lettering, the naskhī (naskhī script) script, which replaced the angular Kūfic as the standard of Islāmic calligraphy. In the naskhī script Ibn Muqlah introduced the rounded forms and curved lines that in later styles were refined to give Arabic writing the flowing beauty for which it is renowned. Although naskhī was originally intended for use in copying the Qurʾān, by the 11th century it was used widely for royal and common correspondence and as architectural decoration.

      Among the other scripts invented by Ibn Muqlah were the tawqī and the more elegant thuluth. (thuluth script) In addition to his calligraphic work, Ibn Muqlah led a colourful political life. He was appointed vizier three times, and three times he lost that office for being involved in political intrigue. The third time, he was sentenced to life in prison, where he died in 940.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ibn Muqlah — Abu ali Muhammad Ibn ali Ibn Muqlah Shirazi (Persian: ابن مقله شیرازی) of Iranian Origin (born 886 in Baghdad died 20 July 940 there) was an Islamic calligrapher, one of the foremost of the Abbasid age. It is thought that he invented the thuluth… …   Wikipedia

  • Ibn al-Bawwāb — ▪ Arab calligrapher in full  Abū Al ḥasan ʿalī Ibn Hilāl Ibn Al bawwāb,  also called  Ibn As sitrī  born 10th century, , Iraq died 1022 or 1031, Baghdad       Arabic calligrapher of the ʿAbbāsid Age (750–1258) who reputedly invented the cursive… …   Universalium

  • naskhī script — ▪ calligraphy       Islāmic style of handwritten alphabet developed in the 4th century of the Islāmic era (i.e., the 10th century AD). From the beginning of Islāmic writing, two kinds of scripts existed side by side those used for everyday… …   Universalium

  • 886 — For the processors, see 80886 8th generation x86 like Opteron and Core 2 . NOTOC EventsBy PlaceEurope* The Glagolitic alphabet, devised by Cyril and Methodius, missionaries from Constantinople, is adopted in the Bulgarian Empire. * Alfred the… …   Wikipedia

  • 934 — Années : 931 932 933  934  935 936 937 Décennies : 900 910 920  930  940 950 960 Siècles : IXe siècle  Xe siècle …   Wikipédia en Français

  • calligraphy — calligrapher, calligraphist, n. calligraphic /kal i graf ik/, calligraphical, adj. calligraphically, adv. /keuh lig reuh fee/, n. 1. fancy penmanship, esp. highly decorative handwriting, as with a great many flourishes: She appreciated the… …   Universalium

  • taʿlīq script — ▪ calligraphy       in Arabic calligraphy, cursive style of lettering developed in Iran in the 10th century. It is thought to have been the creation of Ḥasan ibn Ḥusayn ʿAlī of Fars, but, because Khwājah ʿAbd al Malik Buk made such vast… …   Universalium

  • Yaqut al-Musta'simi — (également yakoute i Musta simi), mort en 1298, était un célèbre calligraphe et le secrétaire du dernier calife abbasside Al Musta sim à Bagdad. Il continua ensuite sous les Mongols après la chute du califat abbasside en 1258. Il a codifié six… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • 936 — NOTOC EventsBy PlaceAsia* King Taejo of Goryeo (Wanggeon) defeats Hubaekje. * The Later Tang Dynasty falls to the Later Jin Dynasty, founded by Shi Jingtang (posthumously known as Gaozu of Later Jin) in China. * The Sixteen Prefectures, which… …   Wikipedia

  • 940 — NOTOC EventsBy PlaceAsia* Saadia Gaon compiles his siddur (Jewish prayer book) in Iraq. * Narita san Temple is founded in Chiba, Japan. * The Liao Dynasty abolishes the requirement that a younger sister replace an older sister who died in… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”