Hermite, Charles

Hermite, Charles

▪ French mathematician

born Dec. 24, 1822, Dieuze, Fr.
died Jan. 14, 1901, Paris
 French mathematician whose work in the theory of functions includes the application of elliptic functions to provide the first solution to the general equation of the fifth degree, the quintic equation.

      Although Hermite had proved himself a creative mathematician at the age of 20, his difficulty in passing his formal examinations forced him to devote five of his most productive years to preparing for his examination for the bachelor of science degree, which he obtained in 1848. He was given a minor teaching position at the École Polytechnique, Paris, before being appointed to the Collège de France, Paris, in the same year. It was not until 1869, with his appointment as professor at the École Normale, Paris, that he attained a position commensurate with his ability. In 1870 he became professor of higher algebra at the Sorbonne.

      In 1873 Hermite published the first proof that e is a transcendental number; i.e., it is not the root of any algebraic equation with rational coefficients.

      Hermite was a major figure in the development of the theory of algebraic forms, the arithmetical theory of quadratic forms, and the theories of elliptic and Abelian functions. He first studied the representation of integers in what are now called Hermitian forms. His famous solution of the general quintic equation appeared in Sur la résolution de l'équation du cinquième degré (1858; “On the Solution of the Equation of the Fifth Degree”). Many late 19th-century mathematicians first gained recognition for their work largely through the encouragement and publicity supplied by Hermite.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hermite, Charles — • Mathematician, born at Dieuze, Lorraine, 24 December, 1822; d. at Paris, 14 January, 1901; Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Hermite , Charles — (1822–1901) French mathematician Hermite was born in Dieuze, France. His mathematical career was almost thwarted in his student days, since he was incapable of passing exams. Fortunately his talent had already been recognized and his examiners… …   Scientists

  • Charles Hermite — Hermite redirects here. For other uses, see Hermite (disambiguation). Charles Hermite Charles Hermite circa 1901 …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Hermite —     Charles Hermite     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Charles Hermite     Born at Dieuze, Lorraine, 24 December, 1822; d. at Paris, 14 January, 1901; one of the greatest mathematicians of the nineteenth century. He studied at the Collège de Nancy and …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Charles Hermite — (c. 1887). Nacimiento 24 de diciembre de 1822 [[Archivo:{{{bandera alias 1638}}}|20x20px|border …   Wikipedia Español

  • Charles Emile Picard — Charles Émile Picard, meist Emile Picard genannt, (* 24. Juli 1856 in Paris; † 11. Dezember 1941 ebenda) war ein französischer Mathematiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Wirken 2 Schriften 3 Literatur 4 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles Émile Picard — Charles Émile Picard, meist Emile Picard genannt, (* 24. Juli 1856 in Paris; † 11. Dezember 1941 ebenda) war ein französischer Mathematiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Wirken 2 Schriften 3 Literatur 4 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • hermite — (Charles) (1822 1901) mathématicien français: travaux sur les espaces vectoriels. hermitage [ɛʀmitaʒ]; hermite [ɛʀmit] ⇒ Ermitage. ❖ ♦ Ancienne graphie d ermitage (→ Couvert, cit. 1 …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Charles Hermite — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hermite. Charles Hermite Charles Hermite vers 1901 Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hermite-Polynom — Die hermiteschen Polynome (nach Charles Hermite) sind Polynome mit folgenden äquivalenten Darstellungen: bzw. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”