Habib, Philip Charles

Habib, Philip Charles

▪ United States diplomat
born February 25, 1920, New York, New York, U.S.
died May 25, 1992, Puligny-Montrachet, France

      U.S. diplomat who had a distinguished 30-year career as a U.S. foreign-service officer, notably in his efforts in the Middle East in the 1970s and '80s.

      Habib, the son of a Lebanese grocer, was raised in a Jewish section of Brooklyn. He graduated from the University of Idaho (1942) and was studying for his doctorate in agricultural economics at the University of California when he decided to join the State Department. He was posted to Canada, New Zealand, Trinidad, and South Korea before going to Vietnam (1965–71), where, as chief political adviser to Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge (Lodge, Henry Cabot), he became a recognized expert on Asian affairs. As head of a task force studying the situation in war-torn Vietnam, he persuaded President Lyndon B. Johnson (Johnson, Lyndon B.) to restrict the bombing of North Vietnam. Under President Richard M. Nixon (Nixon, Richard M.), Habib served as U.S. ambassador to South Korea (1971–74) and as assistant secretary of state for East Asian and Pacific affairs (1974–76).

      After being named undersecretary of state for political affairs by President Gerald Ford (Ford, Gerald R.) in 1976, Habib concentrated on the Middle East. He persuaded Egyptian President Anwar el-Sādāt and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin to attend a Middle East peace summit with U.S. President Jimmy Carter (Carter, Jimmy) at Camp David, Maryland, in 1978. After suffering his second heart attack in 1978, Habib retired from the foreign service, but he was recalled by President Ronald Reagan (Reagan, Ronald W.) to defuse the situation in Lebanon. Habib was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom (1982) after negotiating a temporary peace agreement following the evacuation of the Palestine Liberation Organization forces from Beirut under the supervision of the U.S. Marines. He later served as a special envoy to the Philippines and Central America and helped persuade Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos to go into exile. Habib retired again in 1987 and was made commander of the French Legion of Honour in 1988.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Philip Charles Habib — Philip Habib Pour les articles homonymes, voir Philip et Habib. Philip Habib et son neveu Gregory Cohen dans son bureau au Département d État des États Unis en …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Philip Habib — Philip Charles Habib (February 25, 1920 ndash;May 25, 1992) was a United States career diplomat known for work in Vietnam, South Korea and the Middle East. The New York Times in observing his passing described him as the outstanding professional… …   Wikipedia

  • Philip Habib — mit einem Großneffen in seinem Büro im US Außenministerium (1976) Philip Charles Habib (* 25. Februar 1920 in Brooklyn, New York City; † 24. Mai 1992 in Puligny Montrachet, Département Côte d’Or, Frankreich) war ein US a …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Philip Habib — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Philip et Habib. Philip Habib et son neveu Gregory Cohen dans son bureau au Département d État des États Unis en 1976 Philip Charles Habib ( …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Charles Elachi — Dr. Charles Elachi Charles Asshur Al Wadad Elachi (Arabic: شارل عشي‎, born April 18, 1947 in Lebanon[1]) is the Director of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), located in Pasadena, California. He has held this position since May 1, 2001 a …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Logan (Personnage de 24) — 24 heures chrono 24 heures chrono Titre original …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Israel — /iz ree euhl, ray /, n. 1. a republic in SW Asia, on the Mediterranean: formed as a Jewish state May 1948. 5,534,672; 7984 sq. mi. (20,679 sq. km). Cap.: Jerusalem. 2. the people traditionally descended from Jacob; the Hebrew or Jewish people. 3 …   Universalium

  • Embassy of the United States in Seoul — Infobox Korean name tablewidth=270 caption= hangul=서울 주한미국대사관 hanja=서울 駐韓美國大使館 rr=Seoul Ju Han Miguk Daesagwan mr=Sŏul Chu Han Mikuk Taesakwan|The Embassy of the United States in Seoul is the embassy of the United States in the Republic of Korea… …   Wikipedia

  • literature — /lit euhr euh cheuhr, choor , li treuh /, n. 1. writings in which expression and form, in connection with ideas of permanent and universal interest, are characteristic or essential features, as poetry, novels, history, biography, and essays. 2.… …   Universalium

  • List of minor characters in 24 — This is an incomplete list, which may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries. See also: List of 24 characters The following is a list of recurring and minor… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”