Grechaninov, Aleksandr

Grechaninov, Aleksandr

▪ Russian composer
in full  Aleksandr Tikhonovich Grechaninov , Grechaninov also spelled  Gretchaninov 
born Oct. 13 [Oct. 25, New Style], 1864, Moscow, Russia
died Jan. 4, 1956, New York, N.Y., U.S.

      Russian composer notable for his religious works and children's music.

      Grechaninov studied piano and composition at the Moscow Conservatory, and from 1890 to 1893 he worked at composition and orchestration with Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov (Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolay) at the St. Petersburg Conservatory. He soon became known for his songs and for two pieces, String Quartet in G Major and the first of his five symphonies, both composed in 1894. An opera, Dobrynya Nikitich, was produced by the Bolshoi Theatre in 1903, with the famed basso profundo Feodor Chaliapin (Chaliapin, Feodor) in the title role. Nine years later the opera Soeur Beatrice (“Sister Beatrice”) was mounted but immediately withdrawn as an affront to religion. Grechaninov composed in all media and produced a great quantity of piano music, songs, and choruses, all without a real personal stamp. His later religious music was written for instrumental accompaniment and thus could not be used in Eastern Orthodox liturgy.

      Grechaninov received a pension for his religious music until the Revolution of 1917. He then moved to western Europe, settling in Paris in 1925. In 1939 he immigrated to the United States (which he had visited frequently since 1929), and he became a naturalized U.S. citizen in 1946.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Aleksandr Grechanínov — Nombre real Aleksandr Grechanínov Nacimiento 25 de octubre de 1864 Moscú, Rusia …   Wikipedia Español

  • Alexander Grechaninov — Alexander Tichonowitsch Gretschaninow (russisch Александр Тихонович Гречанинов, wiss. Transliteration Aleksandr Tichonovič Grečaninov; * 13.jul./ 25. Oktober 1864greg. in Moskau; † 3. Januar 1956 in New York) war ein russischer Komponist.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • vocal music — Introduction       any of the genres for solo voice and voices in combination, with or without instrumental accompaniment. It includes monophonic music (having a single line of melody) and polyphonic music (consisting of more than one… …   Universalium

  • Alexander Gretchaninov — Alexander Tikhonovich Gretchaninov (also commonly transliterated as Aleksandr/Alexandre Grechaninov/Gretchaninoff/Gretschaninow; ru. Александр Тихонович Гречанинов) (OldStyleDate|25 October|1864|13 October, Moscow, ndash; January 3 1956, New… …   Wikipedia

  • List of people from Saint Petersburg — This is a list of famous people who have lived in Saint Petersburg, Russia. Please add new people and also add the dates they lived in Saint Petersburg, if known. * Anya Rozova, America s Next Top Model Runner Up Cycle 10 * Svetlana Abrosimova,… …   Wikipedia

  • Alexandre Gretchaninov — Alexandre Gretchaninoff / Gretschaninow Alexandre Gretchaninov, Moskou, 1910 Nom de n …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lev Oborin — Lev Nikoláyevich Oborin (en ruso: Лев Николаевич Оборин; Moscú, 11 de noviembre (29 de octubre por el calendario antiguo) de 1907 5 de enero de …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”