Garland, Hamlin

Garland, Hamlin

▪ American writer

born Sept. 14, 1860, West Salem, Wis., U.S.
died March 4, 1940, Hollywood, Calif.
 American author perhaps best remembered for his short stories and his autobiographical “Middle Border” series of narratives.

      As his farming family moved progressively westward from Wisconsin to Iowa and then to the Dakotas, Garland rebelled against the vicissitudes of pioneering and went to Boston for a career in 1884. Self-educated there, he gradually won a place for himself in the literary set of Boston and Cambridge and was influenced by the novelist William Dean Howells. Garland recorded the physical oppression and economic frustrations of pioneer life on the Great Plains in the short stories that were collected in Main-Travelled Roads (1891), one of his best works. The short stories he published in Prairie Folk (1892) and Wayside Courtships (1897) were later combined in Other Main-Travelled Roads (1910). In 1892 Garland published three lacklustre novels. His next novel, Rose of Dutcher's Coolly (1895), tells the story of a sensitive young woman who rebels against the drudgery of farm life and goes to Chicago to pursue her talent for literature. Garland's critical theory of “veritism,” set forth in the essay collection Crumbling Idols (1894), called for the use of socially conscious realism combined with more individualistic and subjective elements.

      Garland next turned to the “high country” of the American West and to romantic melodrama for materials, producing a series of mediocre novels that were serialized in the popular “slick magazines.” He grew increasingly critical of the “excesses” of the naturalists, and in 1917 in a mellow autobiographical mood wrote A Son of the Middle Border, in which he described his family background and childhood as the son of pioneer farmers. This book won immediate and deserved acclaim. Its sequel, A Daughter of the Middle Border (1921), was less successful, as were Trail-Makers of the Middle Border (1926) and his last historical and autobiographical novels.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Hamlin Garland — Hamlin Hannibal Garland (September 14, 1860 – March 4, 1940) was an American novelist, poet, essayist, and short story writer. He is best known for his fiction involving hard working Midwestern farmers. [… …   Wikipedia

  • GARLAND (H.) — GARLAND HAMLIN (1860 1940) Ce fils de fermiers du Middle West exprime dès ses débuts, suivant en cela Howells, la nécessité d’un naturalisme puisant ses sources à la vie américaine. Ce credo littéraire va de pair avec des préoccupations sociales… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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  • Hamlin Garland — (1891) Hannibal Hamlin Garland (* 14. September 1860 in West Salem, Wisconsin; † 4. März 1940 in Hollywood, Kalifornien) war ein US amerikanischer Schriftsteller. Garland gilt als einer der wichtigsten Naturalisten in der amerikanischen Literatur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Garland — heißen die Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten Garland (Alabama) Garland (Arkansas) Garland (Maine) Garland (Nebraska) Garland (North Carolina) Garland (Tennessee) Garland (Texas) Garland (Utah) sowie das Garland County Garland ist der Familienname… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Garland, (Hannibal)Hamlin — Garland, (Hannibal) Hamlin. 1860 1940. American writer whose stories and novels, including the autobiographical A Son of the Middle Border (1917), depict the hardships endured by Midwestern farmers. * * * …   Universalium

  • Garland — Garland1 [gär′lənd] 1. (Hannibal) Hamlin [ham′lin] 1860 1940; U.S. novelist & short story writer 2. Judy (born Frances Gumm) 1922 69; U.S. film actress & singer Garland2 [gär′lənd] [after A. H. Garland, U.S. attorney general (1885 89)] city in NE …   English World dictionary

  • Hamlin Garland House — Infobox nrhp | name =Hamlin Garland House nrhp type =nhl caption = location= 357 W. Garland St., West Salem, Wisconsin lat degrees = 43 lat minutes = 53 lat seconds = 56 lat direction = N long degrees = 91 long minutes = 4 long seconds = 51 long… …   Wikipedia

  • Garland — /gahr leuhnd/, n. 1. Hamlin /ham lin/, 1860 1940, U.S. novelist, short story writer, and poet. 2. Judy (Frances Gumm), 1922 69, U.S. singer and actress. 3. a city in NE Texas, near Dallas. 138,857. 4. a male or female given name. * * * City (pop …   Universalium

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