Fuchun River

Fuchun River

Chinese (Pinyin)  Fuchun Jiang , or  (Wade-Giles romanization)  Fu-ch'un Chiang 

      river flowing through Zhejiang (Chekiang) province, southeastern china. The lower course and estuary, which discharge at Hangzhou into Hangzhou Bay, are called the Qiantang River. Above Hangzhou, as far as Tonglu, it is called the Fuchun River, and the section above Tonglu is known as the Tong River. Near Jiande the main river is formed by the junction of two separate river systems.

      The westerly system is the Xin'an River, which flows from southern Anhui province, where it rises in the Huang Mountains near Shexian. This tributary flows through deep, gorgelike valleys in the rugged, hilly country of the Anhui-Zhejiang border. In the late 1950s a dam and hydroelectric project was started (completed 1977) on the river near its confluence with the Fuchun, forming the large Xin'an River Reservoir.

      The southeastern region is drained by the Lan River. At Lanxi the Lan is formed by the junction of two rivers, the Jinhua River system, flowing from central Zhejiang to the east, and the Qu River, which drains the mountains of the Zhejiang-Jiangxi and Zhejiang-Fujian border areas.

      The Fuchun River system provides the major routes from the Hangzhou and Shanghai areas into inland Zhejiang, northern Fujian (Fukien), and Jiangxi (Kiangsi); it was the route by which Southeast China was largely colonized. The rivers themselves, however, are of limited use for navigation. Small steamers can travel as far as Tonglu, while river junks can reach Changshan (on the Qu River) and Jinhua (on the Jinhua River). The importance of the river for transportation has been greatly reduced since railways were constructed in the region.

      The mouth of the Fuchun River is famous for its tidal bore, sometimes as much as 20 feet (6 metres) high, caused by tidal action in the funnel-shaped Hangzhou Bay. The length of the Fuchun River is estimated to be about 240 miles (385 km), and its drainage area is estimated at some 16,455 square miles (42,620 square km).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dwelling in the Fuchun Mountains — The Remaining Mountain piece of Dwelling in the Fuchun Mountains, currently kept in the Zhejiang Provincial Museum in Hangzhou …   Wikipedia

  • Xin'an River Reservoir — ▪ artificial lake, China Chinese (Pinyin)  Xin anjiang Shuiku , or  (Wade Giles) romanization  Hsin an Chiang Shui k u        large artificial lake near the town of Xin anjiang, northwestern Zhejiang (Chekiang) province, southeastern China. It… …   Universalium

  • Qiantang River — The Qiantang River (zh cp|c=钱塘江|p=Qiántáng Jiāng, also known as the Qian River) is a southeast Chinese river that originates in the borders of Anhui and Jiangxi provinces and passes through Hangzhou, the capital of Zhejiang province, before… …   Wikipedia

  • Longmen, Zhejiang — Longmen (Traditional Chinese: 龍門; Simplified Chinese: 龙门) is a township in western Zhejiang, around 20 km distant from the city of Fuyang. The town lies south of the Fuchun River, at the foothills of the Xianxia Range. It is home to a population… …   Wikipedia

  • Sun Quan — Three Kingdoms infobox Name=Sun Quan Caption= Portrait of Sun Quan by an unknown artist. Title= Founder and Emperor Kingdom=Eastern Wu Born=182 Died=252 (aged 70) Predecessor=Sun Ce Successor=Sun Liang Simp=孙权 Trad=孫權 Pinyin=Sūn Quán WG=Sun Chuan …   Wikipedia

  • Quzhou — ▪ China Wade Giles romanization  Ch ü chou , also spelled  Chu zhou , formerly  Quxian        city, western Zhejiang (Chekiang) sheng (province), China. Quzhou has been a natural transportation centre since ancient times, being situated on the… …   Universalium

  • Shangrao — ▪ China Wade Giles romanization  Shang jao        city, northeastern Jiangxi (Kiangsi) sheng (province), southeastern China. It lies along the Xin River, about 110 miles (180 km) east of Nanchang, the provincial capital, and is on the main rail… …   Universalium

  • Earth Sciences — ▪ 2009 Introduction Geology and Geochemistry       The theme of the 33rd International Geological Congress, which was held in Norway in August 2008, was “Earth System Science: Foundation for Sustainable Development.” It was attended by nearly… …   Universalium

  • Huang Mountains — ▪ mountains, China Chinese (Pinyin and Wade Giles romanization)  Huang Shan    complex mountain system in southern Anhui province, china. Some 160 miles (250 km) in length, the range has a generally southwest to northeast axis, extending from the …   Universalium

  • List of Singapore-related topics — This is a list of topics related to Singapore. For a similar list in alphabetical order, see list of Singapore related topics by alphabetical order. Those interested in the subject can monitor changes to the pages by clicking on Related changes… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”