Four Masters of the Yuan dynasty
- Four Masters of the Yuan dynasty
▪ Chinese artists
Chinese painters who worked during the Yuan period (1206–1368) and were revered during the Ming dynasty and later periods as major exponents of the tradition of “literati painting” ( wenrenhua
), which was concerned more with individual expression and learning than with outward representation and immediate visual appeal.
Two of the “four masters” were Huang Gongwang
and Wu Zhen
, who, being of the earlier generation of artists in the Yuan, consciously emulated the work of ancient masters, especially those pioneering artists of the Five Dynasties period, such as Dong Yuan and Juran
, who rendered landscape in a broad, almost impressionistic manner, with coarse brushstrokes and wet ink washes. While these painters were also revered by the two younger Yuan masters, the restrained thinness of Ni Zan
and the almost embroidered richness of Wang Meng
could not be more different from the work of the older Yuan masters.
Thus, with the four masters, all of whom were noted for their lofty personal and aesthetic ideals, the art of landscape painting shifted from an emphasis on close representation of nature to a personal expression of nature's qualities. They spurred experimentation with novel brushstroke techniques.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Four Masters of the Yuan Dynasty — The Four Masters of the Yuan Dynasty is a name used to collectively describe the four Chinese painters Huang Gongwang, Wu Zhen, Ni Zan, Wang Meng active in the Yuan Dynasty. They worked during the Yuan period (1206–1368) and were revered during… … Wikipedia
Yuan dynasty — or Yüan dynasty or Mongol dynasty (1206–1368) Dynasty established in China by Mongol nomads. Genghis Khan occupied northern China in 1215, but not until 1279 did Kublai Khan take control of southern China. The Mongols established their capital at … Universalium
Four Masters of Anhui — ▪ Chinese artists also called Xin an school , or Haiyang Sijia group of Chinese artists who were born and worked in Anhui province in the 17th century (Qing dynasty) and who, being somewhat remote from the traditional centres of Chinese… … Universalium
Six Masters of the early Qing period — The Six Masters of the early Qing period was a group of major Chinese artists who worked in the 17th and early 18th centuries (Qing dynasty). Also known as orthodox masters, they continued the tradition of the scholar painter, following the… … Wikipedia
Six Masters of the early Qing period — ▪ Chinese artists Wade Giles romanization Ch ing Group of major Chinese artists who worked in the 17th and early 18th centuries (Qing dynasty). Also known as “orthodox masters,” they continued the tradition of the scholar painter, following… … Universalium
Tibet during the Ming Dynasty — The exact nature of Sino Tibetan relations during the Ming Dynasty (1368–1644) of China is unclear. Some modern scholars living and working in the People s Republic of China assert that the Ming Dynasty had unquestioned sovereignty over Tibet,… … Wikipedia
History of the Song Dynasty — The Song Dynasty (Chinese: ; pinyin: Sòng cháo; 960 1279) of China was a ruling dynasty that controlled China proper and southern China from the middle of the 10th century into the last quarter of the 13th century. The Song Dynasty is considered… … Wikipedia
Society of the Song Dynasty — … Wikipedia
Society and culture of the Han Dynasty — A Western Han jade carved door knocker with designs of Chinese dragons (and two other jade figurines) The Han Dynasty (206 BCE – 220 CE) was a period of ancient China divided by the Western Han (206 BCE – 9 CE) and Eastern Han (25–220 CE) periods … Wikipedia
Four Wangs — The Four Wangs were four Chinese landscape painters in the 17th century, all called Wang. They were Wang Shimin (1592 1680), Wang Jian (1598 1677), Wang Hui (1632 1717) and Wang Yuanqi (1642 1715). They were members of the group known as the Six… … Wikipedia