Six Masters of the early Qing period
- Six Masters of the early Qing period
▪ Chinese artists
Group of major Chinese artists who worked in the 17th and early 18th centuries (Qing dynasty
). Also known as “orthodox masters,” they continued the tradition of the scholar-painter, following the injunctions of the artist-critic Dong Qichang
late in the Ming dynasty.
The Six Masters include the landscapists Wu Li
and the Four Wangs
—Wang Shimin, Wang Jian, Wang Yuanqi, and Wang Hui
—as well as the flower painter Yun Shouping
. The works of the Six Masters are generally conservative, cautious, subtle, and complex in contrast to the vigorous and vivid painting of their “individualist” contemporaries.
The Four Wangs concentrated on the techniques of brushwork and application of ink long admired in the work of past artists. They seldom went outside to look at nature. Instead, they created their landscapes in the studio. The later paintings of the Four Wangs, however, were more formalized.
Like the work of the other Six Masters, Wu's landscapes evolved from the Four Masters of the Yuan dynasty
. Instead of simply imitating his predecessors, he insisted that artists “get the gist of the painters of the past.” Compared with the Four Wangs, his brush and ink is more varied and more expressive of his personality.
Yun's flower painting changed the ornate style of the court paintings of the Ming dynasty. He continued the “boneless” method initiated by Xu Chongsi in the Northern Song dynasty. After creating the shapes, he applied colour on wet paper to produce an elegant and natural image. His method of painting soon gained widespread popularity, and many artists acknowledged his influence.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Six Masters of the early Qing period — The Six Masters of the early Qing period was a group of major Chinese artists who worked in the 17th and early 18th centuries (Qing dynasty). Also known as orthodox masters, they continued the tradition of the scholar painter, following the… … Wikipedia
Four Masters of the Yuan Dynasty — The Four Masters of the Yuan Dynasty is a name used to collectively describe the four Chinese painters Huang Gongwang, Wu Zhen, Ni Zan, Wang Meng active in the Yuan Dynasty. They worked during the Yuan period (1206–1368) and were revered during… … Wikipedia
Qing dynasty — or Ch ing dynasty or Manchu dynasty (1644–1911/12) Last of the imperial dynasties in China. The name Qing was first applied to the dynasty established by the Manchu in 1636 in Manchuria and then applied by extension to their rule in China. During … Universalium
Qing Dynasty — Not to be confused with the Qin Dynasty, the first dynasty of Imperial China. Qing redirects here. For other uses, see Qing (disambiguation). Great Qing 大清帝国, Dà Qīng Dìguó … Wikipedia
Military history of the Netherlands — History of the Netherlands This article is part of a series Early History … Wikipedia
Tibet during the Ming Dynasty — The exact nature of Sino Tibetan relations during the Ming Dynasty (1368–1644) of China is unclear. Some modern scholars living and working in the People s Republic of China assert that the Ming Dynasty had unquestioned sovereignty over Tibet,… … Wikipedia
History of the Song Dynasty — The Song Dynasty (Chinese: ; pinyin: Sòng cháo; 960 1279) of China was a ruling dynasty that controlled China proper and southern China from the middle of the 10th century into the last quarter of the 13th century. The Song Dynasty is considered… … Wikipedia
Dream of the Red Chamber — The Story of the Stone redirects here. For the 1988 novel, see The Story of the Stone (Barry Hughart). For other uses, see Dream of the Red Chamber (disambiguation). Dream of the Red Chamber 紅樓夢 … Wikipedia
History of the United States (1865–1918) — The history of the United States (1865–1918) covers Reconstruction and the rise of industrialization in the United States.At the conclusion of the Civil War, the United States remained bitterly divided. Reconstruction and its failure left the… … Wikipedia
Society of the Song Dynasty — … Wikipedia