Farmer, Fannie Merritt

Farmer, Fannie Merritt

▪ American editor
born March 23, 1857, Boston, Mass., U.S.
died Jan. 15, 1915, Boston

      American cookery expert, originator of what is today the renowned Fannie Farmer Cookbook.

      Farmer grew up in Boston and in Medford, Massachusetts. She suffered a paralytic stroke during her high-school years that forced her to end her formal education. She recovered sufficiently to find employment as a mother's helper, and she soon showed both an aptitude and a great fondness for cooking. With the encouragement of her parents, she entered the Boston Cooking School. Graduating in 1889, Farmer was asked to remain as assistant director, and in 1894 she became head of the school. Although reticent, she nevertheless became much sought after as a lecturer. She left the school in 1902 to open her own Miss Farmer's School of Cookery, which was designed to train housewives rather than teachers, institutional cooks, or servants. For a year at Harvard University she conducted a course in dietetic and invalid cooking, and with her sister, Cora Farmer Perkins, she wrote a regular column for the Woman's Home Companion from 1905 to 1915.

      Farmer's lasting contribution was twofold: the introduction of standardized level measurements in recipes and the Boston Cooking School Cookbook, first published in 1896 and still a best-seller in a modernized version, frequently revised, entitled The Fannie Farmer Cookbook. Its 12 editions in the first 70 years had sales totaling nearly four million copies. Recipes for everyday and classic dishes were accompanied by sections on formal entertaining, proper management of the home and service staff, use of kitchen equipment, and etiquette. Her largely intuitive knowledge of diet planning predated the modern field of nutrition. She stressed in her cookbook the “knowledge of the principles of diet [as an] essential part of one's education. Mankind will eat to live, will be able to do better mental and physical work, and disease will be less frequent.” Her recipes were all personally tested and, thanks to accurate measurements, easy to follow successfully.

      Farmer's other books include Chafing Dish Possibilities (1898), Food and Cookery for the Sick and Convalescent (1904), What to Have for Dinner (1905), Catering for Special Occasions, with Menus and Recipes (1911), and A New Book of Cookery (1912). Her cooking school continued until 1944.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Farmer,Fannie Merritt — Far·mer (färʹmər), Fannie Merritt. 1857 1915. American cookery expert who edited the Boston Cooking School Cook Book (1896), which has undergone many revisions as the Fannie Farmer Cookbook. * * * …   Universalium

  • Farmer, Fannie (Merritt) — (23 mar. 1857, Boston, Mass., EE.UU.–15 ene. 1915, Boston). Experta en cocina estadounidense. Llegó al cargo de directora de la Escuela de cocina de Boston en 1894 y en 1896 publicó The Boston Cooking School Cook Book [El libro de cocina de la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Farmer, Fannie (Merritt) — born March 23, 1857, Boston, Mass., U.S. died Jan. 15, 1915, Boston U.S. cookery expert. She became director of the Boston Cooking School in 1894 and in 1896 published The Boston Cooking School Cook Book. Standardizing the methods and… …   Universalium

  • Fannie Merritt Farmer — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Fannie Merritt Farmer (23 de marzo de 1857 15 de enero de 1915) fue una norteamericana experta en gastronomía que escribió un libro de cocina titulado: Boston Cooking School Cook Book, que ha sido desde muchos años… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Fannie Merritt Farmer — (* 23. März 1857 in Boston, Massachusetts; † 15. Januar 1915 ebenda) war eine US amerikanische Gastronomin und Erzieherin. Leben Farmer begann sich als Helferin ihrer Mutter für die Kochkunst zu interessieren und schrieb sich 1887 an der Boston… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fannie Merritt Farmer — noun an expert on cooking whose cookbook has undergone many editions (1857 1915) • Syn: ↑Farmer, ↑Fannie Farmer • Instance Hypernyms: ↑cook …   Useful english dictionary

  • Fannie Farmer — for|the candymaker|Fanny FarmerFannie Merritt Farmer (23 March 1857 15 January 1915) was an American culinary expert whose Boston Cooking School Cook Book became a widely used culinary text.BiographyFarmer was born in Medford, Massachusetts, USA… …   Wikipedia

  • Fannie Farmer — noun an expert on cooking whose cookbook has undergone many editions (1857 1915) • Syn: ↑Farmer, ↑Fannie Merritt Farmer • Instance Hypernyms: ↑cook * * * Fannie Farmer [Fannie Farmer …   Useful english dictionary

  • Farmer — /fahr meuhr/, n. 1. Fannie (Merritt) /mer it/, 1857 1915, U.S. authority on cooking. 2. James (Leonard), born 1920, U.S. civil rights leader. * * * (as used in expressions) Farmer s Almanac Farmer Fannie Merritt Farmer Labor Party * * * …   Universalium

  • Fannie — /fan ee/, n. a female given name, form of Frances. Also, Fanny. * * * (as used in expressions) Fannie Borach Farmer Fannie Merritt Fannie Coralie Perkins * * * …   Universalium

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