Eṣfahān carpet

Eṣfahān carpet

      floor covering handwoven in Eṣfahān (Isfahan), a city of central Iran that became the capital under Shāh ʿAbbās I at the end of the 16th century. Although accounts of European travelers reveal that court looms turned out carpets there in profusion, their nature is unknown except for silken Polonaise carpets (Polonaise carpet), many of which were surely made there. In trade, the names Eṣfahān and Indo-Eṣfahān (Indo-Eṣfahān carpet) were long applied to a host of 17th-century floral carpets in wool, many of enormous size. Later, these carpets were attributed by art historians to Herāt and, more recently, to Indian centres. The Eṣfahān theory still persists in some quarters, however.

      Carpet weaving was revived in Eṣfahān in the second quarter of the 20th century and expanded rapidly in the production of exports of excellent quality and designs for the European market. Many of the patterns are created by professional designers, beautifully drawn with swirling vines or arabesques, usually on a cream ground and with a hard brick-red border. The carpets are closely clipped and thin. The knotting is asymmetrical, the foundation cotton or silk, depending on the quality. Somewhat similar carpets in extremely fine weaving have been produced in the mid-20th century in Nāʾīn.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Indo-Eṣfahān carpet — also spelled  Indo Isfahan        type of floor covering ranging from small to extremely large, handmade in India, primarily in the 17th century, as free imitations of Herāt (Herāt carpet) designs. They appear to have been exported in quantity to …   Universalium

  • rug and carpet — Any decorative textile normally made of a thick material and intended as a floor covering. Floor coverings made of plaited rushes date from the 5th or 4th millennium BC. Carpets were first made in central and western Asia as coverings for earthen …   Universalium

  • Polonaise carpet — ▪ carpet also called  Polish carpet        any of various handwoven floor coverings with pile of silk, made in Eṣfahān and other weaving centres of Persia in the late 16th and 17th centuries, at first for court use and then commercially. Because… …   Universalium

  • Herāt carpet —   handwoven floor covering thought to have been woven in Herāt, the Timurid capital in the 15th century, an important city in the 17th century, and now a provincial capital in western Afghanistan. Classic Herāt carpets, made in the 16th and early …   Universalium

  • Iran — /i ran , i rahn , uy ran /, n. a republic in SW Asia. 67,540,002; ab. 635,000 sq. mi. (1,644,650 sq. km). Cap.: Teheran. Formerly (until 1935), Persia. * * * Iran Introduction Iran Background: Known as Persia until 1935, Iran became an Islamic… …   Universalium

  • Islamic arts — Visual, literary, and performing arts of the populations that adopted Islam from the 7th century. Islamic visual arts are decorative, colourful, and, in religious art, nonrepresentational; the characteristic Islamic decoration is the arabesque.… …   Universalium

  • Mashhad-e Ardehal — مشهد اردهال   village   Country  Iran Province …   Wikipedia

  • Азербайджанский ковёр — Типичный тебризский ковёр Азербайджанский ковёр  термин, используемый для обозначения различных типов безворсовых и ворсовых ковров, производимых азербайджанцами. Среди азербайджанских ковров выделяют бакинские, гянджинские, ка …   Википедия

  • Isfahan Province — استان اصفهان   Province   Locat …   Wikipedia

  • Nain rug — A round Nain rug of average to lower precision. Nain rugs are constructed using the Persian knot and can be between 300 and 700 knots per inch. The pile is usually very high quality wool, clipped short and silk is most usually used as… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”