Ensor, James, Baron

Ensor, James, Baron

▪ Belgian artist
born April 13, 1860, Ostend, Belg.
died Nov. 19, 1949, Ostend

      Belgian painter and printmaker whose works are known for their bizarre fantasy and sardonic social commentary.

      Ensor was an acknowledged master by the time he was 20 years old. After a youthful infatuation with the art of Rembrandt and Rubens, he adopted the vivacious brushstroke of the French Impressionists.

      When Ensor's works were rejected by the Brussels Salon in 1883, he joined a group of progressive artists called Les Vingt (Vingt, Les) (q.v.; The Twenty). During this period, in such works as his “Scandalized Masks” (1883; Musée Royal des Beaux-Arts de Belgique, Brussels), he began to depict images of grotesque fantasy—skeletons, phantoms, and hideous masks (mask).

      Ensor's interest in masks probably began in his mother's curio shop. His “Entry of Christ into Brussels” (1888; Musée Royal des Beaux-Arts, Antwerp), filled with carnival masks painted in smeared, garish colours, provoked such indignation that he was expelled from Les Vingt.

      Ensor, nevertheless, continued to paint such nightmarish visions as “Masks (Intrigues)” (1890) and “Skeletons Fighting for the Body of a Hanged Man” (1891; both in the Musée Royal des Beaux-Arts, Antwerp). As criticism of his work became more abusive, the artist became more cynical and misanthropic, a state of mind given frightening expression in his “Portrait of the Artist Surrounded by Masks.” He finally became a recluse and was seen in public so seldom that he was rumoured to be dead.

      After 1900 Ensor's art underwent little change. When, in 1929, his “Entry of Christ into Brussels” was first exhibited publicly, King Albert of Belgium conferred a barony on him.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Ensor, James (Sidney), Baron — born April 13, 1860, Ostend, Belg. died Nov. 19, 1949, Ostend Belgian painter and printmaker. Trained in Brussels, he spent most of his life in his native Ostend. In 1883 he joined a group known as Les Vingt ( The Twenty ) and began depicting… …   Universalium

  • Ensor, James (Sidney), barón — (13 abr. 1860, Ostende, Bélgica–19 nov. 1949, Ostende). Pintor y grabador belga. Se formó en Bruselas y pasó la mayor parte de su vida en su Ostende natal. En 1883 se unió al grupo conocido como los Veinte, y comenzó a representar esqueletos,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • James Ensor — Busto del pintor por Edmond de Valériola en su ciudad natal Nacimiento 13 de abril de 1860 Ostende, Bélgica …   Wikipedia Español

  • James — James, Henry James, Henry James, William * * * (as used in expressions) Agee, James Anderson, (James) Maxwell Audubon, John James Baldwin, James (Arthur) Balfour (de Whittingehame), Arthur James, 1 conde Ballard, J(ames) G(raham) Barrie, Sir… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • baron — /bar euhn/, n. 1. a member of the lowest grade of nobility. 2. (in Britain) a. a feudal vassal holding his lands under a direct grant from the king. b. a direct descendant of such a vassal or his equal in the nobility. c. a member of the House of …   Universalium

  • Baron — /bann rddawonn /, n. Michel /mee shel /, (Michel Boyron), 1653 1729, French actor. * * * I Title of nobility, ranking in modern times immediately below a viscount or a count (in countries without viscounts). The wife of a baron is a baroness.… …   Universalium

  • Barón — (Probablemente del germ. *baro, hombre libre.) ► sustantivo 1 Título nobiliario que, en España, sigue en importancia al de vizconde. 2 POLÍTICA Persona importante y poderosa de un partido político: ■ se convirtió en el barón que catapultó la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • James — /jaymz/, n. 1. Also called James the Great. one of the 12 apostles, the son of Zebedee and brother of the apostle John. Matt. 4:21. 2. the person identified in Gal. 1:19 as a brother of Jesus: probably the author of the Epistle of St. James. 3.… …   Universalium

  • James Ensor — James Sidney Edouard, Baron Ensor (April 13, 1860 November 19 1949) was a Belgian painter and printmaker, an important influence on expressionism and surrealism who lived in Ostend for almost his entire life. He was associated with the artistic… …   Wikipedia

  • Baron Ensor — James Ensor Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ensor (homonymie). James Ensor. Portrait par Henry de Groux …   Wikipédia en Français

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