▪ Australian history
      any of the former convicts in New South Wales, Australia, in the late 18th and the first half of the 19th centuries, specifically those who were seeking civil rights. Technically, the term applied only to pardoned convicts; it was generally used as well, however, for “expirees”—convicts whose full terms had been served. Before 1810, Emancipists were given land grants (from which only a few prospered), and some rose to prominence in business, but the minuscule political and social life of the colony was dominated by free settlers and British officials. During the governorship of Lachlan Macquarie (Macquarie, Lachlan) (1810–21), attempts were made to alter this situation. Macquarie sought to introduce prominent Emancipists into the social life of the colony and to allow Emancipist attorneys to practice before the Supreme Court. He also appointed four Emancipists to the magistracy. Macquarie's efforts had the effect of stiffening opposition to Emancipist ambitions, and in the aftermath British imperial policy tended to support the free-settler faction (see Exclusive) in their determination to deny the Emancipists full citizenship. In the 1820s and 1830s the Emancipists joined some free settlers in supporting a faction of prominent liberals who sought a broadly based representative government for the colony (see Australian Patriotic Association). This was achieved in 1842 without restrictions against Emancipist participation.

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  • Emancipist — E*man ci*pist, n. A freed convict. [Australia] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Emancipist — An emancipist was any of the convicts sentenced and transported under the convict system to Australia, who had been given conditional or absolute pardons. The term was also used to refer to those convicts whose sentences had expired, and could… …   Wikipedia

  • emancipist — /əˈmænsəpəst / (say uh mansuhpuhst), /i / (say ee ) noun 1. an emancipationist. 2. Australian History a freed convict, as one whose sentence had expired or who had received a conditional or absolute pardon from a colonial governor in Australia as …  

  • emancipist — noun In the days when Australia was a penal colony: a convict who was pardoned from his or her sentence as a result of good conduct. Often applied also to convicts who had merely reached the end of their sentences, but expiree was the usual term… …   Wiktionary

  • emancipist — n. freed convict …   English contemporary dictionary

  • emancipist — eman·ci·pist …   English syllables

  • emancipist — ˈman(t)səpə̇st noun ( s) Etymology: emancipate + ist : a former convict in Australia who has served out the term of his sentence …   Useful english dictionary

  • Macquarie, Lachlan — born Jan. 31, 1761, Ulva, Argyllshire, Scot. died July 1, 1824, London, Eng. British soldier and colonial governor. He served with the British army in North America, Europe, the West Indies, and India; in 1809 he was appointed governor of New… …   Universalium

  • John M. Antill — Infobox Military Person name= John MacQuarie Antill lived= 26 January 1866 death date and age|1937|3|1|1866|1|26|df=yes placeofbirth= Jarvisfield, Picton, New South Wales placeofdeath= caption= Colonel Antill on Rhododendron Spur during the… …   Wikipedia

  • New South Wales — a state in SE Australia. 5,126,217; 309,433 sq. mi. (801,430 sq. km). Cap.: Sydney. * * * State (pop., 2001: 6,609,304), southeastern Australia. Bounded by Queensland, the Pacific Ocean, Victoria, and South Australia, it has an area of 309,130 sq …   Universalium

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