Duchenne, Guillaume-Benjamin-Amand

Duchenne, Guillaume-Benjamin-Amand

▪ French physician
born Sept. 17, 1806, Boulogne, Fr.
died Sept. 15, 1875, Paris

      French neurologist, who was first to describe several nervous and muscular disorders and, in developing medical treatment for them, created electrodiagnosis and electrotherapy.

      During his lifelong private practice in Boulogne (1831–42) and Paris (1842–75), he explored the effects of electrical stimulation on diseased nerves and muscles. He rendered the first accounts of several types of muscular atrophy and paralysis caused by nerve disorders, including (1858) tabes dorsalis, or locomotor ataxia, a muscular atrophy caused by a degeneration of the dorsal columns of the spinal cord and sensory nerve trunks. In the 1860s he described severe progressive muscle weakness in 13 young boys, a condition that was later named Duchenne muscular dystrophy. His invention of an instrument (now known as Duchenne's trocar) to remove small portions of tissue located deep in the body founded the diagnostic practice of biopsy. His best-known writings are De l'électrisation localisée (1855) and Physiologie des mouvements (1867).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • DUCHENNE Guillaume Benjamin Amand — (1806 1875) (retrato) [véase http://www.iqb.es/diccio/d/du.htm#duchenne]: neurólogo francés conocido por haber descrito la distrofia muscular de Duchenne véase: enfermedad de DUCHENNE postura de Duchenne signo de DUCHENNE síndrome de DUCHENNE …   Diccionario médico

  • Guillaume Benjamin Amand Duchenne — Guillaume Duchenne de Boulogne Guillaume Benjamin Duchenne et son patient …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Guillaume-Benjamin Duchenne — Duchenne bei einem seiner Experimente …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Guillaume Duchenne de Boulogne — Guillaume Benjamin Duchenne Nacimiento 17 de septiembre de 1806 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Duchenne de Boulogne — Demonstration of the mechanics of facial expression. Duchenne and an assistant faradize the mimetic muscles of The Old Man …   Wikipedia

  • Duchenne — Guillaume Benjamin Duchenne Duchenne bei einem seiner Experimente …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Duchenne muscular dystrophy — Classification and external resources Histopathology of gastrocnemius muscle from patient who died of pseudohypertrophic muscular dystrophy, Duchenne type. Cross section of muscle shows extensive replacement of muscle fibers by adipose cells …   Wikipedia

  • Duchenne — Guillaume B.A., French neurologist, 1806–1875. See D. disease, D. sign, D. Aran disease, Aran D. disease, D. Erb paralysis, D. dystrophy. * * * Du·chenne dü shen, də also Du·chenne s shenz adj relating to or being Duchenne muscular dystrophy… …   Medical dictionary

  • Duchenne de Boulogne — Guillaume Benjamin Amand Duchenne father of modern neurology …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • Guillaume Duchenne — Infobox Scientist name = PAGENAME box width = image size =180px caption = Guillaume Benjamin Duchenne and assistant electrically stimulate the face of a live subject in displaying an expression birth date = September 17, 1806 birth place =… …   Wikipedia

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