Duchamp-Villon, Raymond

Duchamp-Villon, Raymond

▪ French sculptor
original name  Raymond Duchamp  
born November 5, 1876, Paris, France
died October 7, 1918, Cannes

      French sculptor who was one of the first major modern artists to apply the principles of Cubism to sculpture.

      In 1900 Duchamp-Villon gave up medical school for sculpture, often working closely with his brothers, the artists Gaston (better known by his pseudonym, Jacques Villon (Villon, Jacques)) and Marcel Duchamp. Duchamp-Villon's early work was influenced by Auguste Rodin (Rodin, Auguste)'s figurative sculpture, but he converted to a Cubist style in 1910. His progression to more simplified forms can be seen in the portrait heads Baudelaire (1911) and Maggy (1911), which were virtually reduced to simple geometric shapes. With works such as Seated Woman (1914), Duchamp-Villon increasingly employed the Cubist painters' technique of dissecting an object into abstract shapes.

 Duchamp-Villon's move toward abstraction was fully achieved in his masterpiece, Horse (1914), which reduces forms to their geometric essentials and integrates space into the mass of the work. This sculpture is also notable for its dynamic depiction of mechanical motion, a central theme of the Futurists (Futurism). Duchamp-Villon began to apply Cubist principles to architecture, but he was killed in World War I before his experiments could be realized.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Duchamp-Villon, Raymond — ► (1876 1918) Escultor francés, hermano de Marcel Duchamp. Autor del Retrato de Baudelaire (1911). Caballo (1914) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Duchamp-Villon — Duchamp Villon, Raymond …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Raymond Duchamp-Villon — Raymond Duchamp Villon, Two views of The Large Horse, bronze, 1914, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston …   Wikipedia

  • DUCHAMP-VILLON (R.) — DUCHAMP VILLON RAYMOND (1876 1918) Frère de Jacques Villon et de Marcel Duchamp, Raymond Duchamp Villon suit des études de médecine pendant trois ans avant de décider, en 1898, de se consacrer uniquement à la sculpture. Ses premières réalisations …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Duchamp-Villon — (Raymond Duchamp, dit) (1876 1918) sculpteur français; frère de M. Duchamp et de J. Villon …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Raymond Duchamp-villon — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Duchamp et Villon …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Raymond duchamp-villon — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Duchamp et Villon …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Raymond Duchamp-Villon — (* 5. November 1876 als Pierre Maurice Raymond Duchamp in Damville, Frankreich; † 9. Oktober 1918 in Cannes, Frankreich), war ein französischer Maler und Bildhauer. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke (Auswahl) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Raymond Duchamp-Villon — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Dos vistas de El gran caballo, una escultura de bronce de Raymond Duchamp Villon. 1914 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Raymond Duchamp-Villon — (1876 1918). Escultor. Hermano del artista Marcel Duchamp y del pintor Jacques Villon …   Enciclopedia Universal

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