Demotic Greek language

Demotic Greek language
also called  Romaic , Greek  Demotiki , or  Romaiki 

      a modern vernacular of Greece. In modern times it has been the standard spoken language and, by the 20th century, had become almost the sole language of Greek creative literature. In January 1976, by government order, it became the official language of the state, replacing Katharevusa Greek (Katharevusa Greek language) (q.v.) as the language for governmental and legal documents, in the courts and Parliament, in the schools, and in newspapers and other publications. (Katharevusa continued to be used in some legal documents and other technical writings in which there was a large body of established literature.)

      Although the vocabulary, phonology, and grammar of ancient Greek remain the basis of Demotic Greek, they have been considerably modified and simplified. Foreign words and constructions that penetrated the language in large numbers reflect the influence of various foreign powers that held sway in postclassical Greece or that exerted influence there, from the foundation of the eastern Roman Empire (AD 325) through the Crusades to the Venetian and Turkish conquests. The Turkish domination, in particular, destroyed Greek literary continuity and development, and after Greece regained its independence in the early 19th century, many nationalists —wishing to meet the need for a uniform written language—developed an artificial, purified language, Katharevusa, as an approximation of the old classical norms. It was a deliberate archaization. When a military dictatorship arose in 1967, the new conservatism extended to language, and Katharevusa was strictly imposed in the schools. But after the restoration of political democracy in 1974, linguistic democracy followed suit, and Demotic—literally, the “popular” language—was given official sanction.

      Today the two varieties, Demotic and Katharevusa, have merged to form a single unified language, Standard Modern Greek (Greek: Koini Neoelliniki).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Greek language — Indo European language spoken mostly in Greece. Its history can be divided into four phases: Ancient Greek, Koine, Byzantine Greek, and Modern Greek. Ancient Greek is subdivided into Mycenaean Greek (14th–13th centuries BC) and Archaic and… …   Universalium

  • Katharevusa Greek language — Greek  Katharevousa,         a “purist” variety of modern Greek, which until 1976 was the official written language of Greece. Katharevusa was used in government and judiciary documents as well as in most newspapers and technical publications. In …   Universalium

  • Greek language — Greek Ελληνικά Ellīniká Pronunciation [eliniˈka] Spoken in Greece, Cyprus …   Wikipedia

  • Demotic Greek — Not to be confused with Demotic (Egyptian). History of the Greek language (see also: Greek alphabet) Proto Greek (c. 3000–1600 BC) Mycenaean …   Wikipedia

  • Greek language question — The Greek language question ( el. γλωσσικό ζήτημα, short: το γλωσσικό) was a dispute discussing the question whether the language of the Greek people (Dimotiki) or an archaic imitation of Ancient Greek (Katharevousa) should be the official… …   Wikipedia

  • Demotic Greek — noun The Greek vernacular language which became the official Modern Greek in 1976 when Katharevousa was replaced. See Also: Classical Greek, demotic, Koine, Katharevousa, Modern Greek …   Wiktionary

  • Greek literature — Introduction       body of writings in the Greek language, with a continuous history extending from the 1st millennium BC to the present day. From the beginning its writers were Greeks living not only in Greece proper but also in Asia Minor, the… …   Universalium

  • Demotic (Egyptian) — Demotic Type Abjad augmented by …   Wikipedia

  • Demotic — (Greek for of the people or folkish ) may refer to: Demotic Greek, a variety of the Greek language Demotic (Egyptian), a script and stage of the Egyptian language This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same title. If an …   Wikipedia

  • demotic — ► ADJECTIVE 1) (of language) used by ordinary people; colloquial. 2) relating to demotic Greek. ► NOUN 1) the form of modern Greek used in everyday speech and writing. 2) demotic language. ORIGIN Greek d motikos, from d …   English terms dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”