▪ archbishop of Athens
original name  George Papandreou  
born March 3, 1891, Dhorvitsiá, Greece
died May 20, 1949, Athens
 archbishop of Athens and regent of Greece during the civil war of 1944–46, under whose regency came a period of political reconstruction. He was a private in the army during the Balkan Wars (1912) and was ordained priest in 1917.

      In 1922 Damaskinos became bishop of Corinth, and in 1938 he was elected archbishop of Athens. His election was voided by Premier John Metaxas (Metaxas, Ioannis) because of his opposition to Metaxas' regime, and Bishop Chrysanthos of Trebizond was appointed instead. Damaskinos was exiled but then recalled in July 1941, after Greece had been occupied by the Germans during World War II, to replace Chrysanthos. As archbishop, he opposed the German occupation and urged the concealment of Jews to save them from the Nazis. (Nazi Party)

      On Dec. 31, 1944, during the civil war initiated by the communist-controlled guerrilla forces after the Germans left, Damaskinos was appointed regent with the permission of King George II, then in exile. His integrity and impartiality made him the only person available for this position who was acceptable to all parties. During the subsequent 16 months of political crisis, Damaskinos appointed five premiers, and, in October 1945, he formed an interim cabinet. He resigned as regent on Sept. 28, 1946, four days after the Greeks voted for the restoration of the monarchy. Thereafter, he devoted himself to his archiepiscopal duties.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Damaskinos — or Damaskenos (Greek: Δαμασκηνός, from Damascus ), is a Greek name, found both as a first name and as a surname. It can refer to: Nikolaos Damaskenos (1st century BC), Greek historian and philosopher John of Damascus (ca. 676 749), named Ioannes… …   Wikipedia

  • Damaskinos Papandreou (Genf) — Damaskinos (Papandreou) (* als Basil Papandreou am 23. Februar 1936 in Kato Chryssovitsa, Ätolien, Griechenland; † 5. November 2011 in Genf) war ein orthodoxer Erzbischof und Metropolit in Genf. Leben Nach Besuch der Theologischen Hochschule des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Damaskinos Papandreou — (Greek: Δαμασκηνός Παπανδρέου) is Greek name and surname that may refer to three different Orthodox Hierarches: Archbishop Damaskinos of Athens (1891 1949), was the Head of the Church of Greece as Archbishop of Athens and All Greece (1941 1949)… …   Wikipedia

  • Damaskinos Papandreou (Metropolitan) — Damaskinos Papandreou (June 23, 1936 – November 5, 2011) was the Greek Orthodox metropolitan bishop of Hadrianpolis.[1] References ^ Profile (Greek) …   Wikipedia

  • Damaskinos Papandreou — Erzbischof Dmaskinos Damaskinos Papandreou (griechisch Δαμασκηνός Παπανδρέου, eigentlich Dimitrios Papandreou; * 3. März 1891 in Dorvitsa; † 19. Mai 1949 in Athen) war Erzbischof von Athen und griechischer Premierminister. Papandreou… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Damaskinos d'Athènes — L’Archevêque Damaskinos d Athènes Αρχιεπίσκοπος Δαμασκηνός Mandats Régent de Grèce 31 décembre 1944 – …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Damaskinos of Jaffa — For other people of the same name, see Damaskinos (disambiguation). Archbishop Anastasios Damaskinos of Jaffa and Arimathea is a senior bishop of the Orthodox Church of Jerusalem and a current member of the Holy Synod of Jerusalem. He was born in …   Wikipedia

  • Damaskinos Stouditis — For other people of the same name, see Damaskinos (disambiguation). Damaskinos Stouditis (Greek: Δαμασκηνός Στουδίτης) was a patriarchal exarch of Aitolia. He was born in Thessaloniki and was a student of Th. Eleavoulkos in Constantinople. Later… …   Wikipedia

  • Damaskinos, Archbishop — 1891–1949    After the Germans had been forced out of Greece, CHURCHILL and EDEN wanted to restore the monarchy in Greece. They were prevented from doing this because of intense fighting between left and right wing groups. After an armistice with …   Who’s Who in World War Two

  • Archevêque Damaskinos — Damaskinos d Athènes Statue de l’Archevêque Damaskinos à Athènes L’Archevêque Damaskinos d Athènes (en grec : Αρχιεπίσκοπος Δαμασκηνός) né Dimitrios Papandreou (en grec : Δημή …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”