Cunaxa, Battle of

Cunaxa, Battle of

▪ Middle Eastern history
      (401 BC), battle fought between Cyrus The Younger, satrap of Anatolia, and his brother Artaxerxes II over the Achaemenian throne. Attempting to overthrow Artaxerxes, Cyrus massed his forces and marched inland from Sardis against his brother. The two armies met unexpectedly at Cunaxa, on the left bank of the Euphrates River north of Babylon. Greek mercenaries under Clearchus, nearly 13,000 strong and the best trained and equipped troops in Cyrus' army, routed the Persian left with few casualties, while Cyrus himself charged Artaxerxes' centre with 600 cavalry. Cyrus succeeded in wounding his brother but was killed. When the Greeks returned, they found that the rest of Cyrus' troops had been routed and his camp plundered. They formed ranks again, thus discouraging Artaxerxes from attacking them, and, in their famous “Retreat of the Ten Thousand” under Xenophon, they succeeded in marching through hostile country to the Black Sea.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cunaxa — [kyo͞o nak′sə] ancient town in Babylonia, near the Euphrates: site of a battle (401 B.C. ) in which Cyrus the Younger was killed …   English World dictionary

  • Battle of Cunaxa — For the fictional princedom named Cunaxa, see Places of Dragon Prince. Coordinates: 33°19′29.48″N 44°04′46.33″E / 33.3248556°N 44.0795361°E / …   Wikipedia

  • Cunaxa — noun battle in 401 BC when the Artaxerxes II defeated his younger brother who tried to usurp the throne • Syn: ↑battle of Cunaxa • Regions: ↑Babylonia, ↑Chaldaea, ↑Chaldea • Instance Hypernyms: ↑pitched battle * * * …   Useful english dictionary

  • battle of Cunaxa — noun battle in 401 BC when the Artaxerxes II defeated his younger brother who tried to usurp the throne • Syn: ↑Cunaxa • Regions: ↑Babylonia, ↑Chaldaea, ↑Chaldea • Instance Hypernyms: ↑pitched battle …   Useful english dictionary

  • Battle of Cunaxa — (401 b.c.)    A major military engagement fought between Persia s King Artaxerxes II and his younger brother, Cyrus the Younger, who sought to usurp the throne. Cyrus marched an army composed of handpicked Persian cavalrymen, some assorted troops …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

  • Cunaxa — /kyooh nak seuh/, n. an ancient town in Babylonia, near the Euphrates: famous battle between Cyrus the Younger and Artaxerxes II in 401 B.C. * * * …   Universalium

  • Cunaxa — /kjuˈnæksə/ (say kyooh naksuh) noun an ancient town in Babylonia, near the Euphrates; famous battle between Cyrus the Younger and Artaxerxes II, 401 BC …  

  • pitched battle — noun a fierce battle fought in close combat between troops in predetermined positions at a chosen time and place • Hypernyms: ↑battle, ↑conflict, ↑fight, ↑engagement • Instance Hyponyms: ↑Agincourt, ↑Austerlitz, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Iran, ancient — Introduction also known as  Persia        historic region of southwestern Asia that is only roughly coterminous with modern Iran. The term Persia was used for centuries, chiefly in the West, to designate those regions where Persian language and… …   Universalium

  • Cyrus The Younger — ▪ Persian prince born after 423, BC died 401, Cunaxa, Babylonia [now in Iraq]       younger son of the Achaemenian king Darius II and his wife, Parysatis.       Cyrus was the favourite of his mother, who hoped to secure the succession for him… …   Universalium

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