Cervera y Topete, Pascual

Cervera y Topete, Pascual

▪ Spanish admiral
born Feb. 18, 1839, Medina Sidonia, Spain
died April 3, 1909, Puerto Real

      Spanish admiral whose fleet was destroyed in battle off Cuba in the Spanish–American War (1898).

      A graduate of a naval cadet school, he engaged in operations off Morocco and in the Sulu Islands and the Philippines. Afterward he was on the West Indian station during the early part of the first Cuban War (1868–78), returning to Spain in 1873 to serve on the Basque coast against the Carlists. Over the years he rose to flag rank and in 1892 became minister of marine in the cabinet of Praxedes Mateo Sagasta; he soon resigned, however, when he was unable to receive backing for naval reforms and added funds.

      In April 1898, when the Spanish-American War broke out, Cervera was chosen to command a squadron composed of four cruisers and several destroyers stationed in the Cape Verde Islands. This ill-fated squadron started upon its reckless cruise across the ocean only after its commander had repeatedly sent dispatches warning both the minister of marine and the prime minister, Sagasta, that the ships were insufficiently provided with coal and ammunition. In compliance with the instructions of the government, Admiral Cervera made for the landlocked harbour of Santiago (Santiago, Battle of) de Cuba, where he cooperated in the defense by landing some guns and a naval brigade. In spite of his energetic representations, Cervera received an order from Madrid, dictated by political considerations, to sally forth. The squadron met forces trebly superior to it and was totally destroyed. The admiral, three of his captains, and 1,800 sailors and marines were taken by the victors to Portsmouth, N.H. After the war Cervera and his captains were tried before the supreme naval and military court of Spain, which honourably acquitted them all. In 1901 he became vice admiral, in 1902 was appointed chief of staff of the Spanish navy, and in 1903 was made life senator.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pascual Cervera y Topete — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Pascual Cervera y Topete Almirante Pascual Cervera y Topete Almirante …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pascual Cervera y Topete — Pascual Cervera y Topete. Pascual Cervera y Topete (February 18, 1839 – April 3, 1909) served as an admiral (almirante) of the Spanish Caribbean Squadron during the Spanish American War, and prior to this served his country in a variety of… …   Wikipedia

  • Cervēra y Topēte — Cervēra y Topēte, Pascual, span. Admiral, geb. 18. Febr. 1839, zeichnete sich in Cuba, in Afrika und im Karlistenkrieg aus und wurde beim Ausbruch des Krieges mit den Vereinigten Staaten 1898 zum Befehlshaber des bei den Kanarischen Inseln… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Pascual Cervera y Topete — Almirante Pascual Cervera y Topete (18 de febrero, 1839 3 de abril, 1909). Al mando de la Escuadra del Caribe durante la Guerra hispano estadounidense, con una larga experiencia en roles militares navales. Cervera era un veterano de la Armada… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Cervera y Topete — /therdd ve rddah ee taw pe te, serdd / Pascual /pahs kwahl /, 1839 1909, Spanish admiral. * * * …   Universalium

  • Cervera y Topete — /therdd ve rddah ee taw pe te, serdd / Pascual /pahs kwahl /, 1839 1909, Spanish admiral …   Useful english dictionary

  • Cervera (disambiguation) — Cervera may refer to: Places Cervera, a city in Catalonia, Spain Cervera de la Cañada, a municipality in Aragon, Spain Cervera de Pisuerga, a municipality in the province of Palencia, Castile León, Spain Cervera del Maestre (Valencian: Cervera… …   Wikipedia

  • Topete — may refer to:*Juan Bautista Topete (1821 1885), a Spanish naval commander and politician *Pascual Cervera y Topete (1839 1909), a Spanish admiral …   Wikipedia

  • Pascual — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Pascual puede hacer referencia a: Pascual Candel Palazón, escritor español. Pascual Cervera y Topete, almirante español. Pascual Enguídanos, escritor español de ciencia ficción. El Grupo Leche Pascual, una empresa… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pascual Cervera — Admiral Pascual Cervera Pascual Cervera y Topete (* 18. Februar 1839 in Medina Sidonia; † 3. April 1909 in Puerto Real) war ein Admiral der spanischen Armada. Leben Im Jahr 1888 war er, zusammen mit Jose Ferrándiz y Niño al …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”