Cartier, Sir George-Étienne, Baronet
- Cartier, Sir George-Étienne, Baronet
▪ prime minister of Canada
born Sept. 6, 1814, St. Antoine, Lower Canada [now Quebec]
died May 20, 1873, London, Eng.
statesman, Canadian prime minister jointly with John A. Macdonald (Macdonald, Sir John
) (1857–58; 1858–62), and promoter of confederation and the improvement of Anglo-French relations in Canada.
Cartier practiced as a lawyer until 1837, when he took part in the rebellion that sent him into several months of exile in the United States. Elected as a Liberal reformer to the Canadian legislature in 1848, he was appointed provincial secretary for Canada East (formerly Lower Canada) in 1855 and two years later attorney general.
His alliance with Macdonald, in which Cartier represented Canada East, developed the Liberal-Conservative Party in Canada. He promoted many useful measures, including the abolition of seigneurial tenure (estates held by semi-feudal tenure) in Canada East and the codification of civil law. He was involved with the building of the Grand Trunk Railway through eastern Canada and the resolve to build the Canadian Pacific Railway. Despite great opposition, he carried his native province into federation by 1867, and he was created a baronet of the United Kingdom the following year.
As minister of militia and defense in Macdonald's first Confederation Cabinet, Cartier reformed the nation's military land forces. Although he probably would have been implicated in the Pacific Scandal
that brought down Macdonald's government, by the time that news was released Cartier had died of Bright disease in London.
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Cartier, Sir George Étienne, Baronet — born Sept. 6, 1814, St. Antoine, Lower Canada died May 20, 1873, London, Eng. Canadian prime minister jointly with John Macdonald (1858–62). He was elected as a Liberal to the Canadian legislative assembly (1848) and was later appointed… … Universalium
Cartier, Sir George Étienne, baronet — (6 sep. 1814, St. Antoine, Bajo Canadá–20 may. 1873, Londres, Inglaterra). Primer ministro canadiense juntamente con John Macdonald (1858–62). Fue elegido miembro liberal de la asamblea legislativa de Canadá (1848) y más adelante fue nombrado… … Enciclopedia Universal
George — George, David Lloyd George, Henry George, Pierre George, Stefan * * * (as used in expressions) Aberdeen, George Hamilton Gordon, 4 conde de George William Russell Akerlof, George A. Alexander, Harold (Rupert Leofric George) Alexander, 1 conde… … Enciclopedia Universal
Cartier — Cartier, Jacques * * * (as used in expressions) Cartier, Jacques Cartier, Sir George Étienne, baronet Cartier Bresson, Henri … Enciclopedia Universal
sir — /serr/, n. 1. a respectful or formal term of address used to a man: No, sir. 2. (cap.) the distinctive title of a knight or baronet: Sir Walter Scott. 3. (cap.) a title of respect for some notable personage of ancient times: Sir Pandarus of Troy … Universalium
sir — (Voz inglesa.) ► sustantivo masculino Tratamiento honorífico empleado por los británicos. * * * sir (ingl.; pronunc. [ser]) m. *Tratamiento de respeto usado en Inglaterra delante de un nombre de hombre o para dirigirse a la persona de que se… … Enciclopedia Universal
baronet — baronetical, adj. /bar euh nit, bar euh net /, n. a member of a British hereditary order of honor, ranking below the barons and made up of commoners, designated by Sir before the name and Baronet, usually abbreviated Bart., after: Sir John Smith … Universalium
baronet — (as used in expressions) Cartier, Sir George Étienne, baronet Cockburn, Sir Alexander (James Edmund), 10° baronet Cunard, Sir Samuel, 1 baronet Dilke, Sir Charles Wentworth, 2 baronet Grey, Sir Edward, 3 baronet Harris, Sir Arthur Travers, 1… … Enciclopedia Universal
Cartier — /kahr tee ay /; Fr. /kannrdd tyay /, n. 1. Sir George Étienne /zhawrddzh ay tyen /, 1814 73, Canadian political leader: prime minister 1857 62, defense minister 1867 73. 2. Jacques /zhahk/, 1491 1557, French navigator and explorer of Canada:… … Universalium
George — /jawrj/, n. 1. a figure of St. George killing the dragon, esp. one forming part of the insignia of the Order of the Garter. 2. Brit. Slang. any coin bearing the image of St. George. 3. a word formerly used in communications to represent the… … Universalium