Bourdelle, Antoine

Bourdelle, Antoine

▪ French sculptor
in full  Émile-Antoine Bourdelle 
born October 30, 1861, Montauban, France
died October 1, 1929, Paris

      French sculptor whose works—exhibiting exaggerated, rippling surfaces mingled with the flat, decorative simplifications of Archaic Greek and Romanesque art—introduced a new vigour and strength into the sculpture of the early 20th century.

      Bourdelle studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Toulouse, France, before moving to Paris in 1885. Reacting against the conservatism of the École, Bourdelle left to study with the artists Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux (Carpeaux, Jean-Baptiste) and Jules Dalou (Dalou, Jules). In 1893 he entered the studio of sculptor Auguste Rodin (Rodin, Auguste), who was to remain one of the chief influences of his artistic life. At that stage of his career, Bourdelle emulated the rugged realism of his mentor, Rodin. Bourdelle's first major commission, a war memorial at Montauban, France (1902), exhibited a similarly brutal quality, as did the series of works inspired by the music of Beethoven that he also created during that period.

      Bourdelle gradually moved toward a more refined, Classical form of sculpture. In 1900 he created an important work, the Head of Apollo, the majestic dignity and broad planes of which recall early Classical Greek sculpture. In 1910 he achieved his first triumph in the Salon with Hercules Archer, which again owes much to Archaic art, although the pose is far more sinuous and the musculature more exaggerated; he made several sculptures of this subject. Also in 1910 he created the full-length portrait Rodin at Work, the head of which is a pastiche of Michelangelo's Moses in the Church of San Pietro in Vincoli, Rome.

      In 1912 Bourdelle executed reliefs for the Théâtre des Champs-Élysées; these works are remarkable for their unusually compact, planar style. Two years later he created another masterpiece, the Dying Centaur, in which he represented the defeat of paganism. In his later career, Bourdelle became known for his majestic public monuments. Never able to escape completely the shadow of Rodin, Bourdelle became a famous teacher, turning his studio into the Académie de la Grande-Chaumière.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • BOURDELLE (A.) — BOURDELLE ANTOINE (1861 1929) Sculpteur français. La spécificité de l’art de Bourdelle, artiste original et indépendant, est difficile à apprécier dans une époque que caractérisent simultanément la grande influence exercée par Rodin et la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Antoine Bourdelle — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bourdelle. Antoine Bourdelle Portrait d Antoine Bourdelle (1925) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Antoine Bourdelle — Centauro moribundo (1914), bronce patinado. Émile Antoine Bourdelle (Montauban, 30 de octubre de 1861 Le Vésinet Yvelines, 1 de octubre de 1929) fue un escultor francés, uno de los más destacados de la Belle Époque y al …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bourdelle, Emile Antoine — (10/30/1861 Montau ban 10/1/1929 Le Vesinet) (France)    aka Bourdelle, Antoine    Watercolorist, sculptor, printmaker, glass ornament designer, and book illustrator. Studied at the Ecole de Beaux Arts in Toulouse and Ecole de Beaux Arts in Paris …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • Antoine Bourdelle — Antoine Bourdelle, originally Émile Antoine Bourdelle, (October 30, 1861 October 1, 1929) was a French sculptor and teacher. CareerBourdelle was born at Montauban, Tarn et Garonne. He left school at the age of 13 to work as a wood carver in his… …   Wikipedia

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  • Bourdelle —   [bur dɛl], Émile Antoine, französischer Bildhauer, * Montauban 30. 10. 1861, ✝ Le Vésinet (bei Paris) 1. 10. 1929; arbeitete eine Zeit lang bei A. Rodin. Bourdelle erstrebte eine architektonisch bestimmte plastische Form, deren Monumentalität… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Bourdelle — Bourdelle, Émile Antoine …   Enciclopedia Universal

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