Black Volta River

Black Volta River

French  Volta Noire,  also called  (in Burkina Faso) Mouhoun,  

      river in Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta), Ghana, and Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast), headstream of the Volta River in western Africa. It rises as the Baoulé in low hills in southwestern Burkina Faso near Bobo Dioulasso, and at the end of its course it empties into Lake Volta (in Ghana), a large artificial reservoir created by the Volta River Project and stretching to just above the former confluence of the Black Volta and White Volta rivers.

      From its source in Burkina Faso the Black Volta flows roughly north and east for about 200 miles (320 km) and then turns to flow south for 340 miles (550 km), forming the border between Ghana and Burkina Faso and then between Ghana and Côte d'Ivoire. At Bamboi, Ghana, it turns again, first north and then east, and approximately 80 miles (130 km) farther east it empties into Lake Volta, after a course of about 720 miles (1,160 km). Its gradient is relatively gentle (about 2 feet per mile [40 cm per km]), and the rainfall in its river valley is likewise small (for that part of the world). The Black Volta may stop flowing in the height of the dry season, but between Bamboi and the Côte d'Ivoire border the river's regime has permitted construction of a dam. The principal riparian town is Lawra in Ghana; there is a ferry at Bamboi.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Volta River — River, Ghana, western Africa. The nation s chief river, it flows from Lake Volta and receives the Black Volta and the White Volta rivers. It flows southward through Ghana to the Bight of Benin in the Gulf of Guinea. The river system is 1,000 mi… …   Universalium

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  • White Volta River — River, Burkina Faso and Ghana, western Africa. It rises in Burkina Faso (where it is known as the Nakanbe) and flows southwest for about 400 mi (640 km) to empty into Lake Volta in Ghana. It is a headstream of the Volta River. * * * ▪ river,… …   Universalium

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  • Volta — /vohl teuh/ or, It. /vawl tah/ for 1; /vol teuh, vohl / for 2, n. 1. Count Alessandro /ah les sahn drddaw/, 1745 1827, Italian physicist. 2. a river in W Africa, in Ghana, formed by the confluence of the Black Volta and the White Volta and… …   Universalium

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