Volta River

Volta River
River, Ghana, western Africa.

The nation's chief river, it flows from Lake Volta and receives the Black Volta and the White Volta rivers. It flows southward through Ghana to the Bight of Benin in the Gulf of Guinea. The river system is 1,000 mi (1,600 km) long.

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      chief river system of Ghana, formed from the confluence of the Black Volta (Black Volta River) and White Volta (White Volta River) (qq.v.) headstreams. The Volta flows generally southward through Ghana, discharging into the Gulf of Guinea. Its major tributaries are the Afram and the Oti (Pandjari). The river system has a length of 1,000 miles (1,600 km), a drainage basin of 153,800 square miles (398,000 square km), and an average annual discharge of 42,700 cubic feet (1,210 cubic metres) per second.

      Both of the river's two main upper branches, the Black (Black Volta River) and White Voltas (White Volta River), rise in the open plateaus of Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta) and unite in north-central Ghana some 300 miles (480 km) north of the sea. (These two branches are respectively called the Mouhoun and the Nakambe rivers in Burkina Faso.) The Volta's lower course was well-known to Europeans since the time of the 15th-century explorations of the Portuguese, who gave it its name, meaning “turn,” because of its twisting course.

      The northern four-fifths of the Volta River's valley is now covered by Lake Volta (Volta, Lake), which is one of the world's largest artificial lakes. Lake Volta was formed after the Akosombo Dam (q.v.) was completed in 1965; the dam was built at the gorge where the Volta River cut through the Akwapim-Togo Ranges on its way to the sea. Below the damsite, the Volta River turns sharply eastward across the Accra Plains before entering the Atlantic Ocean at Ada. See also Volta, Lake.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Volta River — Geobox River name = Volta River native name = other name = image size = 300 image caption = The Adome bridge crosses the Volta river south of the Akosombo Dam. etymology = country = Ghana country1 = state = state1 = region type = region = region1 …   Wikipedia

  • Volta River Authority — Infobox Organization name = Volta River Authority image border = size = 118 × 110 px caption = VRA logo msize = mcaption = motto = formation = April 26, 1961 extinction = type = Energy generator and supplier headquarters = Accra, Ghana location …   Wikipedia

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  • White Volta River — River, Burkina Faso and Ghana, western Africa. It rises in Burkina Faso (where it is known as the Nakanbe) and flows southwest for about 400 mi (640 km) to empty into Lake Volta in Ghana. It is a headstream of the Volta River. * * * ▪ river,… …   Universalium

  • Black Volta River — ▪ river, Africa French  Volta Noire,  also called  (in Burkina Faso) Mouhoun,         river in Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta), Ghana, and Côte d Ivoire (Ivory Coast), headstream of the Volta River in western Africa. It rises as the Baoulé in …   Universalium

  • Red Volta River — ▪ river, Africa French  Volta Rouge,         river in West Africa, rising in Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta) northwest of Ouagadougou. It flows about 200 mi (320 km) south southeast to join the White Volta (Volta Blanche) near the Gambaga… …   Universalium

  • Volta (Fluss) — Volta Schwarzer, Roter und Weißer Volta sowie der vereinigte Fluss vor dem Hintergrund der Ländergrenzen Ghanas und Burk …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Volta — may refer to:Rivers and lakes* Lake Volta in Ghana * Burkina Faso, the country formerly named Upper Volta * The Volta River, consisting of the: ** Black Volta ** Red Volta ** White VoltaOther* Alessandro Volta, an Italian physicist and inventor… …   Wikipedia

  • Volta-See — Volta Stausee Akosombo Staudamm mit dem Wasserkraftwerk …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Volta-Stausee — Akosombo Staudamm mit dem Wasserkraftwerk …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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