Benedek, Ludwig August, Ritter von

Benedek, Ludwig August, Ritter von

▪ Austrian field marshal
(knight of)
born , July 14, 1804, Ödenburg, Austrian Empire [now Sopron, Hung.]
died April 27, 1881, Graz, Austria

      Austrian field marshal whose defeat at the Battle of Königgrätz (Königgrätz, Battle of) (Battle of Sadowa) on July 3, 1866, was decisive in the emergence of Prussia as the predominant German power and the creation of a Prussian-dominated German Empire.

      Benedek entered the Austrian Army in 1822, distinguishing himself in Galicia (1846), Hungary (1849), and especially in Italy (1848, 1849, 1859), where his skillful defense probably saved the Austrian Army after its defeat at Solferino (June 24, 1859). In 1860 he was appointed chief of the general staff and governor of Hungary.

      Having returned to Italy by 1861, Benedek commanded the Austrian armies there until 1866, when he reluctantly accepted command of the army facing the Prussians in Bohemia. At Königgrätz, not only good fortune but also the Prussian breech-loading rifle brought about a Prussian victory over the Austrians, who suffered from unimaginative leadership and the employment of muzzle-loading rifles. Court-martial proceedings against Benedek were quashed, but he retired, accepting full responsibility for the defeat.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ludwig August Ritter von Benedek — Ludwig Benedek (Lithographie von August Prinzhofer, 1849) Ludwig von Benedek (Kupferstich von 1859 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ludwig von Benedek — Ludwig Benedek (Lithographie von August Prinzhofer, 1849) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ludwig von Benedek — Ludwig August Ritter von Benedek [German title|Ritter] (14 July 1804 ndash; 27 April 1881), also known as Lajos Benedek, was an Austrian general ( Feldzeugmeister ) of Hungarian descent, best known for commanding the imperial army in 1866 in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Ritter (titular name) — Ritter is a titular name. This list includes only those whose main Wikipedia article includes the titular Ritter in the article name. There are many others whose name could include the title but whose main entry is at the non titular version of… …   Wikipedia

  • Benedek — Benedek,   Ludwig August Benedek, Ritter von Felsö Eör, österreichischer General, * Ödenburg (heute Sopron) 14. 7. 1804, ✝ Graz 27. 4. 1881; kämpfte 1848 49 in Italien und Ungarn und zeichnete sich 1859 bei Solferino aus. Zum Feldzeugmeister… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Liste der Ehrenbürger von Wien — Das Ehrenbürgerrecht ist die höchste Auszeichnung der Stadt Wien. Seit 1839 wurden, auf Veranlassung des damaligen Bürgermeisters Ignaz Czapka, die vergebenen Ehrenbürgerschaften im Ehrenbürgerbuch verzeichnet. Ehrungen aus der davor liegenden… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste von Militärs/B — Militärpersonen   A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Königgrätz, Battle of — or Battle of Sadowa (July 3, 1866) Decisive battle in the Seven Weeks War between Prussia and Austria, fought at Sadowa, near Königgrätz, Bohemia (now Hradec Králové, Czech Republic). The Austrians, equipped with muzzle loading rifles and relying …   Universalium

  • HU-SN — Sopron …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sopron (Komitat) — Sopron …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”