Appert, Nicolas

Appert, Nicolas

▪ French chef

born c. 1750, Châlons-sur-Marne, Fr.
died June 3, 1841, Massy, near Paris
 French chef, confectioner, and distiller who invented the method of preserving food (food preservation) by enclosing it in hermetically sealed containers. Inspired by the French Directory's offer of a prize for a way to conserve food for transport, Appert began a 14-year period of experimentation in 1795. Using corked-glass containers reinforced with wire and sealing wax and kept in boiling water for varying lengths of time, he preserved soups, fruits, vegetables, juices, dairy products, marmalades, jellies, and syrups. A 12,000-franc award in 1810 specified that he publish his findings, which appeared that year as L'Art de conserver, pendant plusieurs années, toutes les substances animales et végétales (The Art of Preserving All Kinds of Animal and Vegetable Substances for Several Years). He used the money to establish the first commercial cannery, the House of Appert, at Massy, which operated from 1812 until 1933. Appert also developed the bouillon tablet, devised a nonacid gelatin-extraction method, and perfected an autoclave.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • APPERT (N.) — APPERT NICOLAS (1749 1841) Fils d’aubergistes de Châlons sur Marne, Nicolas Appert quitte sa famille à onze ans pour apprendre le confisage (art de conserver par l’acide, la graisse, le sucre ou le sel), d’abord par la pratique dans les caves à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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  • Nicolas Appert (study association) — The logo of Nicolas Appert Nicolas Appert is a Dutch study association for Food Technology students at Wageningen University. The association is named after the French inventor Nicolas Appert. External links (English) …   Wikipedia

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  • Nicolas François Appert — Nicolas Appert (1749 1841), born in Châlons en Champagne was the French inventor of airtight food preservation. Appert, known as the father of canning, was a confectioner. In 1800, Napoleon Bonaparte offered a 12,000 franc reward to anyone who… …   Wikipedia

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  • Nicolás Appert — Nicolás François Appert (1750 1841) Francés, inventor del método de preservación hermética de los alimentos. Él abrió la primera fábrica comercial de conservas en el mundo. Fue un buen cocinero y trabajó en las cocinas de la princesa de Forbach,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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