Amyot, Jacques

Amyot, Jacques

▪ French scholar
born Oct. 30, 1513, Melun, near Paris, France
died Feb. 6, 1593, Auxerre

      French bishop and classical scholar famous for his translation of Plutarch's (Plutarch) Lives (Les Vies des hommes illustres Grecs et Romains, 1559), which became a major influence in shaping the Renaissance concept of the tragic hero.

      Amyot was educated at the University of Paris and at Bourges, where he became professor of Latin and Greek and translated Heliodorus' Aethiopica. For this King Francis I gave him the abbey of Bellozane and commissioned him to complete his translation of Plutarch's Lives, on which he had been engaged for some time. He went to Rome to study the Vatican text of Plutarch's Bioi paralleloi (Parallel Lives). On his return to France he was appointed tutor to the sons of Henry II. Both favoured him on accession, making him grand almoner and, in 1570, bishop of Auxerre, where he spent the rest of his life. Amyot translated seven books of the Bibliotheca historica of Diodorus Siculus in 1554, the Daphnis and Chloé of Longus in 1559, and the Moralia of Plutarch in 1572, as well as the Lives.

      Amyot's Vies was an important contribution to the development of Renaissance humanism in France and England, and Plutarch was an ideal choice because he presented the moral hero as an individual rather than in abstract, didactic terms. Moreover, Amyot supplied his readers with a sense of identification with the past and the writers of many generations with characters and situations to build upon. He also gave the French an example of simple and pure style; Montaigne observed that without Amyot's Vies, no one would have known how to write. The work was translated into English by Sir Thomas North (1579); this rendition was the source for William Shakespeare's Roman plays.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Amyot, Jacques — • Bishop of Auxerre, Grand Almoner of France (1513 1593) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • AMYOT, Jacques — (1513 1593) Jacques Amyot was a French humanist, bishop, and scholar famous for his translation of classical texts, most notably Plutarch s Lives,or Les vies des hom­mes illustres. Amyot was born of humble parentage in Melun, France, and was… …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Amyot, Jacques — (1513 1593)    humanist    Born in Melun, Jacques Amyot is known for his translation from the ancient Greek of Theagenes and Charicles (Théagene et Chariclée)(by Helidorus), completed in 1547, which gained him the favor of the royal court. He… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Amyot, Jacques — (1515 1593)    French humanist scholar and poet, known for his translations of Greek literature into Latin and French, especially his French versions of the Parallel Lives (1559) and Moralia (1572) of Plutarch. In 1557 he became tutor of the sons …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • AMYOT, JACQUES —    grand almoner of France and bishop of Auxerre; was of humble birth; was tutor of Charles, who appointed him grand almoner; he was the translator, among other works, of Plutarch into French, which remains to day one of the finest monuments of… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Jacques Amyot (eveque) — Jacques Amyot (évêque) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jacques Amyot. Statue de Jacques Amyot devant l hôtel de ville de Melun Jacques Amyot, né le …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jacques amyot (évêque) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jacques Amyot. Statue de Jacques Amyot devant l hôtel de ville de Melun Jacques Amyot, né le …   Wikipédia en Français

  • AMYOT (J.) — AMYOT JACQUES (1513 1593) Humaniste et prélat français, c’est en tant que traducteur que Jacques Amyot s’imposa comme grand écrivain. Né à Melun d’une famille modeste, «le Plutarque françois» fait à Paris de brillantes études, de grec notamment,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Jacques Amyot —     Jacques Amyot     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Jacques Amyot     Bishop of Auxerre, Grand Almoner of France, and man of letters, b. 30 October, 1513; d. 6 February, 1593. He studied in Paris at the Collège de France, where he earned his living… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Jacques Amyot — (* 29. Oktober 1513 in Melun; † 6. Februar 1593 in Auxerre) war ein französischer Kleriker, Humanist und Schriftsteller sowie (ab 1560) Bischof von Auxerre. Mit seinen vielgelesenen Übertragungen griechischer Werke hat er die Entwicklung der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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