Amenemhet III

Amenemhet III

▪ king of Egypt
also called  Amenemmes III 
 king of ancient Egypt (Egypt, ancient) (reigned 1818–1770 BCE) of the 12th dynasty (Egypt, ancient), who brought Middle Kingdom (Egypt, ancient) Egypt (c. 1938–1630 BCE) to a peak of economic prosperity by completing a system to regulate the inflow of water into Lake Moeris (Moeris, Lake), in the Al-Fayyūm (Fayyūm, Al-) depression southwest of Cairo. The resulting stabilization of the water level also drained some of the marshes that had surrounded the old lake. As part of this great work, the labyrinth described by the Greek historian Herodotus was probably built nearby, south of one of Amenemhet's pyramids at Hawara, in Al-Fayyūm. It was probably a multifunctional building—palace, temple, town, and administrative centre. To celebrate the reclamation of 153,600 acres (62,200 hectares) of land for agricultural use, Amenemhet erected two colossi of himself nearby, also described by Herodotus. A second pyramid, located at Dahshūr, was built for his interment.

      Amenemhet also worked the turquoise mines at Sinai (Sinai Peninsula) with unprecedented intensity. Permanent quarters were erected for the miners, with wells nearby and fortifications to repel Bedouin raiders. A temple to the goddess Hathor was also built. Quarries throughout Egypt and Nubia, to the south, likewise were the site of much activity to support the king's building enterprises. Except for minor punitive raids, his reign was peaceful.

      In Nubia Amenemhet retained the empire won by his predecessors. Artifacts of his reign have been found from as far south as the Third Cataract of the Nile to as far northeast as Byblos, an important seaport in Lebanon, an indication of Egypt's primacy as a commercial power. His was the last long and successful reign of the 12th dynasty (Egypt, ancient) (1938–c. 1756 BCE).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Amenemhet III. — Namen von Amenemhet III. Kopf einer Statue Amenemhets III.; Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Kopenhagen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Amenemhet-III.-Pyramide — Die sogenannte „Schwarze Pyramide“ Amenemhets III. Ägyptisch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Amenemhet III.-Pyramide — Name der Pyramide in Hieroglyphen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Amenemhet — ist der Name folgender Personen: Amenemhet I. († 1947 v. Chr.), König der 12. Dynastie Amenemhet II., König der 12. Dynastie Amenemhet III., König der 12. Dynastie Amenemhet IV., König der 12. Dynastie Amenemhet V., König der 13. Dynastie… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Amenemhet-Pyramide — ist der Name mehrerer Pyramiden: Amenemhet I. Pyramide Amenemhet II. Pyramide Amenemhet III. Pyramide Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Amenemhet IV. — Namen von Amenemhet IV. Sphinx Amenemhets IV.; British Museum …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Amenemhet-I.-Pyramide — Name der Pyramide in Hieroglyphen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Amenemhet-II.-Pyramide — Die Amenemhet II. Pyramide befindet sich etwa in der Mitte des Dahschur Plateaus. Sie ist heute sehr stark zerstört, da man sie als Steinbruch benutzte. Die Reste der Kalksteine gaben ihr den heutigen Namen Weiße Pyramide . Der antike Name der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Amenemhet II. — Namen von Amenemhet II. Sphinx von Amenemhet II. Louvre, Paris …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Amenemhet VII. — Namen von Amenemhet VII. Horusname …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”