Albéniz, Isaac

Albéniz, Isaac

▪ Spanish composer
born May 29, 1860, Camprodón, Spain
died May 18, 1909, Cambo-les-Bains, France
 composer and virtuoso pianist, a leader of the Spanish nationalist school of musicians.

      Albéniz appeared as a piano prodigy at age 4 and by 12 had run away from home twice. Both times he supported himself by concert tours, eventually gaining his father's consent to his wanderings. He studied at the Leipzig Conservatory in 1875–76 and, when his money ran out, obtained a scholarship to study in Brussels. From 1883 he taught in Barcelona and Madrid. He had previously composed facile salon music for piano, but about 1890 he began to take composition seriously. He studied with Felipe Pedrell (Pedrell, Felipe), father of the nationalist movement in Spanish music, and in 1893 moved to Paris. There he came under the influence of Vincent d'Indy, Paul Dukas, and other French composers and for a time taught piano at the Schola Cantorum. He later developed Bright's disease and was a near invalid for several years before he died.

      Albéniz' fame rests chiefly on his piano pieces, which utilize the melodic styles, rhythms, and harmonies of Spanish folk music. The most notable work is Iberia (1905–09), a collection of 12 virtuoso piano pieces, considered by many to be a profound evocation of the spirit of Spain, particularly of Andalusia. Also among his best works are the Suite española, containing the popular “Sevillana”; the Cantos de España, which includes “Córdoba”; Navarra; and the Tango in D Major. Orchestrated versions of many of his pieces are also frequently played.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Albéniz, Isaac — ► (1860 1909) Compositor español. Después de una brillante carrera como pianista se dedicó a la composición. Es patente en sus composiciones la influencia de los paisajes de la península Ibérica. Autor de las óperas Henry Clifford (1895), Pepita… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Albéniz, Isaac (Manuel Francisco) — born May 29, 1860, Camprodón, Spain died May 18, 1909, Cambo les Bains, France Spanish composer. A piano prodigy by age four, he later studied in Leipzig and Brussels, returned to Spain to teach in Barcelona and Madrid, and then moved to France… …   Universalium

  • Albéniz, Isaac (Manuel Francisco) — (29 may. 1860, Camprodón, España–18 may. 1909, Cambo les Bains, Francia). Compositor español. Niño prodigio del piano a los cuatro años, estudió más tarde en Leipzig y Bruselas. Regresó a España para impartir clases en Barcelona y Madrid. En 1893 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Albéniz — Isaac Albéniz Pour les articles homonymes, voir Albeniz. Isaac Albéniz Isaac Albéniz (1901) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Isaac Albeniz — Isaac Albéniz Pour les articles homonymes, voir Albeniz. Isaac Albéniz Isaac Albéniz (1901) …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Isaac Albéniz — 1901 Isaac Manuel Francisco Albéniz (* 29. Mai 1860 in Camprodon, Girona; † 18. Mai 1909 in Cambo les Bains, Departement Pyrénées Atlantiques) war ein spanischer Komponist und Pianist …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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