Alberdi, Juan Bautista

Alberdi, Juan Bautista

▪ Argentine political philosopher

born Aug. 20, 1810, San Miguel de Tucumán, Río de la Plata [now in Argentina]
died June 18, 1884, Paris, France
 Argentine political thinker whose writings influenced the assembly that drew up the constitution of 1853.

      Alberdi was one of the best-known of the “Generation of '37,” an intellectual movement of university students who debated politics, social theories, and philosophy. An opponent of the dictator Juan Manuel de Rosas, Alberdi went into exile in 1838, studying law in Uruguay and also living in Chile and in Europe. After the overthrow of Rosas in 1852, Alberdi wrote his major book, Bases y puntos de partida para la organización política de la República Argentina (“Bases and Starting Points for the Political Organization of the Argentine Republic”), which was the decisive influence on the Argentine constitution of 1853. It emphasized the need for a federal government and argued for attracting foreign capital and immigrants; his approach was encapsulated by his dictum “Gobernar es poblar” (“To govern is to populate”).

      In the 1850s Alberdi was Argentine plenipotentiary in Paris, Madrid, Washington, and London. He lost official favour in the 1860s, partly because of his opposition to the Paraguayan War (1864–70). He spent his last years in semi-exile in Europe.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Alberdi, Juan Bautista — ► (1810 84) Escritor y político argentino. Autor de Bases y puntos de partida para la organización de la República Argentina , adelanto de la Constitución de 1853 …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Juan Bautista Alberdi — (29 August 1810 – 19 June 1884) was an Argentine political theorist and diplomat. Although he lived most of his life in exile in Montevideo and Chile, he was one of the most influential Argentine liberals of his age.Alberdi studied law in Buenos… …   Wikipedia

  • Juan Bautista Alberdi — (* 29. August 1810 in San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentinien; † 19. Juni 1884 in Neuilly, Frankreich) war ein argentinischer Politiker, Diplomat, Schriftsteller und Journalist. Daguerreo …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Juan Bautista Alberdi (Begriffsklärung) — Juan Bautista Alberdi bezeichnet: Juan Bautista Alberdi (1810–1884), argentinischer Politiker und Schriftsteller Juan Bautista Alberdi (Buenos Aires), Ort in der argentinischen Provinz Buenos Aires Juan Bautista Alberdi (Tucumán), Stadt in der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Juan Bautista Alberdi — (Tucumán, 29 de agosto 1810 Francia, 19 de junio 1884) Político, jurisconsulto y escritor argentino. Residió desde muy joven en Buenos Aires, ciudad en la que desarrolló una importante actividad política, cultural y social. Siendo uno de los más… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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