Ahl al-Bayt

Ahl al-Bayt

Arabic:“People of the House,”

      designation in Islam for the holy family of the Prophet Muḥammad, particularly his daughter Fāṭimah, her husband ʿAlī (who was also Muḥammad's cousin), and their descendants.

      Shīʿites (Shīʿite) closely identify this family with the imams, whom they regard as the legitimate holders of authority in the Muslim community, the infallible bearers of sacred knowledge, and the source of messianic deliverance in the end time. Since the 12th and 13th centuries most Sufi orders have included members of the Prophet's family in their elaborate spiritual lineages (silsilas), which they trace back to the Prophet through ʿAlī.

      Aside from Mecca, shrines containing the remains of members of the Prophet's family and their heirs are the most popular Muslim pilgrimage centres. These include the shrines of ʿAlī in an-Najaf (Najaf, Al-), Iraq; Ḥusayn (Ḥusayn ibn ʿAlī, al-) in Karbalāʾ, Iraq, and Cairo, Egypt; ʿAlī ar-Riā (Alī ar-Riḍāʿ) in Meshed, Iran; and Khwajah Muʿīn-ud-Dīn Chishtī in Ajmer (western India). In many Muslim societies people known as sharifs (sharif) and sayyids (sayyid) hold privileged status by descent from the holy family. Among those claiming such status in the 20th century were King Ḥassan II (Hassan II) of Morocco, King Hussein (Ḥussein) of Jordan, Ṣaddam Hussein (Ṣaddām Ḥussein) of Iraq, and Abūʾl-ʿalāʾ Mawdūdī of India/Pakistan.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Ahl al-Bayt — (Arabic: ar. أهل البيت) is an Arabic phrase literally meaning People of the House , or family . The phrase ahl al bayt was used in Arabia before the advent of Islam to refer to one s clan, and would be adopted by the ruling family of a tribe.… …   Wikipedia

  • Ahl al-Bayt — Dans la tradition musulmane, l expression Ahl al Bayt[1] désigne les proches de Mahomet. Les Sunnites et les différentes branches du chiisme ne donnent pas tout à fait le même contenu à cette expression. Sommaire 1 Point de vue sunnite 2 Po …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ahl al-Kisa — (Arabic: ar. اهل الكساء), meaning People of the Cloak , refers to the last Prophet of Islam, Muhammad, his daughter Fatimah, his cousin and son in law Ali, and his two grandsons Hasan and Husayn. Its origin is in the Hadith of the Event of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Bayt — (بيت, בית) is the Arabic and Hebrew word for house, deriving from a common Semitic root that also gave rise to the name of the letter Bet. It appears in several names, such as: * Ahl al Bayt , the People of the House (or family ), referring to… …   Wikipedia

  • Ahl al-bait — (Arabisch: أهل البيت‎; zu Deutsch: „die Leute des Hauses“ ist die Bezeichnung für die Familie des islamischen Propheten Mohammed. Die sunnitische Deutung zählt zu den Ahl al Bait sämtliche Gattinnen und Kinder des Propheten sowie seinen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hussein ibn Ali — This article is about Husayn ibn Ali (626–680). For the modern political figure (1852–1931), see Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca. Husayn al Shahīd Imams of Shi a Islam …   Wikipedia

  • Shia Islam — Shia redirects here. For other uses, see Shia (disambiguation) …   Wikipedia

  • Ali — See also: Nahj al Balagha For other persons named Ali, see Ali (name). For other uses, see Ali (disambiguation). Ali ibn Abu Talib …   Wikipedia

  • Tabarra — ( ar. تبرأ) is a Shia Muslim doctrine that refers to the obligation of hating those who hate Allah and cursing those who reject the wilayah of Ahl al Bayt. According to Shia Islam, it is obligatory to disassociate oneself from a person who has… …   Wikipedia

  • Hadith of the two weighty things — The Hadith al Thaqalayn refers to a saying (hadith) about al Thaqalayn , which translates to the two weighty things. In this hadith Muhammad referred to the Quran and Ahl al Bayt ( people of the house , Muhammed s family) as the two weighty… …   Wikipedia

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