Stewart, James Maitland

Stewart, James Maitland
▪ 1998

      American actor (b. May 20, 1908, Indiana, Pa.—d. July 2, 1997, Beverly Hills, Calif.), performed in some 80 motion pictures during a 57-year-long career and became one of Hollywood's most beloved stars. With an unpretentious manner, he came to personify a decent everyman, struggling to overcome difficult circumstances while rising to heroic stature in the process. After graduating (1932) from Princeton University with a degree in architecture, Stewart joined the University Players, a summer stock company in Falmouth, Mass. There he met Henry Fonda, and the two became lifelong best friends. Stewart made his Broadway debut in Carrie Nation (1932), and by 1935 he was in Hollywood under contract to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Over the next five years, he made about two dozen movies, including Born to Dance (1936), The Shop Around the Corner (1940), and two of the three he made for director Frank Capra, You Can't Take It with You (1938) and Mr. Smith Goes to Washington (1939), in which he played a young idealist fighting corruption. He portrayed a likable reporter in The Philadelphia Story (1940), a role for which he won an Academy Award. Early in 1941 Stewart enlisted in the army—gaining weight in order to meet minimum requirements. He became a pilot and led more than 20 bombing missions; for this he was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross, the Air Medal, and the Croix de Guerre. Stewart rose to colonel by the end of the war, remained in the reserves, and in 1959 was promoted to brigadier general. He retired from the service in 1968. After the war Stewart starred in his third Capra film, It's a Wonderful Life (1946), memorably as George Bailey, an honest banker beset by personal and financial woes. Although the movie was a disappointment at the box office, it went on to become an enduring classic. Other quintessential Stewart roles were Elwood P. Dowd in Harvey—in which he starred on Broadway (1947), in the motion picture (1950), and in the stage revival (1970)—and Charles Lindbergh in The Spirit of St. Louis (1957). The 1950s also found him in a number of westerns directed by Anthony Mann, the Alfred Hitchcock thrillers Rear Window (1954), The Man Who Knew Too Much (1956), and Vertigo (1958), and Otto Preminger's Anatomy of a Murder (1959). Later films include The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance (1962), The Flight of the Phoenix (1966), and The Shootist (1976). Among Stewart's honours were an honorary Oscar and the Presidential Medal of Freedom, both presented in 1985.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Stewart,James Maitland — Stewart, James Maitland. Known as “Jimmy.” 1908 1997. American actor known for his portrayals of incorruptible and modest heroes in motion pictures such as Mr. Smith Goes to Washington (1939) and It s a Wonderful Life (1946). He won an Academy… …   Universalium

  • Stewart, James Maitland — (1908 1997)    The actor, James Stewart (better known as “Jimmy”), was born in Indiana, Pennsylvania. After attending Mercersburg Academy, he went to Princeton University in 1928 and graduated with a degree in architecture in 1932. However, he… …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

  • Stewart, James (Maitland) — (20 may. 1908, Indiana, Pa., EE.UU.–2 jul. 1997, Beverly Hills, Cal.). Actor de cine estadounidense. Debutó en el cine en 1935, pero en un principio le fue difícil conseguir roles debido a sus rasgos angulosos y a su lenta y vacilante forma de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Stewart, James (Maitland) — born May 20, 1908, Indiana, Pa., U.S. died July 2, 1997, Beverly Hills, Calif. U.S. film actor. He made his film debut in 1935, but at first, Stewart s slow, halting line delivery (perhaps his most readily identifiable trademark) and angular… …   Universalium

  • Stewart, James — ▪ American actor in full  James Maitland Stewart , byname  Jimmy Stewart   born May 20, 1908, Indiana, Pennsylvania, U.S. died July 2, 1997, Beverly Hills, California  major American motion picture star known for his portrayals of diffident but… …   Universalium

  • James Maitland Stewart — noun United States film actor who portrayed incorruptible but modest heros (1908 1997) • Syn: ↑Stewart, ↑Jimmy Stewart • Instance Hypernyms: ↑actor, ↑histrion, ↑player, ↑thespian, ↑role player …   Useful english dictionary

  • Stewart, James — • СТЮАPT (Stewart) (наст. фам. Мейтленд, Maitland) Джеймс (р. 20.5.1908)    амер. актёр. Учился в Принстонском ун те. С 1928 выступал в нью йоркских т рах. В кино с 1935 (ф. Человек убийца ). Амплуа С. сложилось в социальных комедиях Ф. Капры ( С …   Кино: Энциклопедический словарь

  • Stewart — Stewart, Jacky Stewart, James * * * (as used in expressions) Allen Stewart Konigsberg Bluford, Guion S(tewart), Jr. Castlereagh, Robert Stewart, vizconde Chamberlain, Houston Stewart Darnley, Henry Stewart, Lord Stuart, Stewart Halsted, William… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • James — James, Henry James, Henry James, William * * * (as used in expressions) Agee, James Anderson, (James) Maxwell Audubon, John James Baldwin, James (Arthur) Balfour (de Whittingehame), Arthur James, 1 conde Ballard, J(ames) G(raham) Barrie, Sir… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Stewart — /stooh euhrt, styooh /, n. 1. Also, Stuart. See Darnley, Lord Henry. 2. Dugald /dooh geuhld, dyooh /, 1753 1828, Scottish philosopher. 3. James Maitland (Jimmy), 1908 97, U.S. actor. 4. Potter, 1915 85, U.S. jurist: associate justice of the U.S.… …   Universalium

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