Desai, Morarji Ranchhodji

Desai, Morarji Ranchhodji
▪ 1996

      Indian politician (b. Feb. 29, 1896, Bhadeli, Gujarat, India—d. April 10, 1995, Bombay, India), as prime minister of India (1977-79), was the austere and uncompromising leader of that nation's first non-Congress Party government. Desai was educated at the University of Bombay and joined the civil service in Bombay state in 1918. A staunch nationalist and follower of Mohandas K. Gandhi, Desai was imprisoned several times during the 1930s and '40s. During and after India's move toward independence (1947) from the U.K., Desai served in the Bombay Provincial Cabinet as home and revenue minister (1946-52) and chief minister (1952-56). He joined the central government in 1956, and in 1967 he was named deputy prime minister and finance minister under Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. Two years later he resigned to lead the opposition. He was arrested when Gandhi declared a state of emergency in 1975, and when the Congress Party lost the 1977 general election to a coalition headed by the Janata Party, Desai was named prime minister. Within two years factional fighting inside Janata had brought down the government. Desai resigned from office on July 15, 1979. His published works include the three-volume The Story of My Life (1974-79).

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  • Desai, Morarji (Ranchhodji) — born Feb. 29, 1896, Bhadeli, Gujarat, India died April 10, 1995, Bombay Prime minister of India (1977–79). The son of a village teacher, he joined the provincial civil service of Bombay (now Mumbai) in 1918. He joined Mohandas K. Gandhi s… …   Universalium

  • Desai, Morarji (Ranchhodji) — (29 feb. 1896, Bhadeli, Gujarat, India–10 abr. 1995, Bombay). Primer ministro de India (1977–79). Hijo de un profesor de aldea, en 1918 ingresó a la administración pública provincial de Bombay (actual Mumbai). En 1930 se plegó a la lucha de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Desai, Morarji — ▪ prime minister of India in full  Morarji Ranchhodji Desai  born Feb. 29, 1896, Bhadeli, Gujarat province, India died April 10, 1995, Bombay [now Mumbai]       prime minister of India (1977–79), first leader of sovereign India not to represent… …   Universalium

  • Morarji Desai — મોરારજી દેસાઈ Prime Minister of India In office 24 March 1977 – 28 July 1979 President Basappa Danappa Jatti (Acting …   Wikipedia

  • Morarji Desai — (1978) Morarji Ranchhodji Desai (Hindi: मोरारजी देसाई, Morārjī Desāī) (* 29. Februar 1896 in Bhadeli, Bombay [heute Gujarat]; † 10. April 1995 in Bombay, Maharashtra) wa …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Desai — biographical name Morarji Ranchhodji 1896 1995 prime minister of India (1977 79) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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  • Indiens und Pakistans Unabhängigkeit —   Die im August 1946 ausgebrochenen bürgerkriegsähnlichen Unruhen zwischen Hindus und Moslems in Indien wurden mit der Teilung des Landes in zwei unabhängige Staaten, das mehrheitlich hinduistische Indien und das mehrheitlich muslimische Pakistan …   Universal-Lexikon

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