manta ray

manta ray

Any of several genera of warm-water marine rays, constituting the family Mobulidae, that are wider than they are long.

Extensions of the pectoral fins project from the front of the head, looking like devils' horns; these sweep plankton and small fishes into their mouths. The long, whiplike tail may have one or more stinging spines. Mantas swim near the surface by flapping their pectoral fins. The largest species, the powerful but inoffensive Atlantic manta, or giant devil, ray (Manta birostris), may grow to over 23 ft (7 m) wide; contrary to old tales, it does not envelop and eat divers.

* * *

also called  devil ray,  

      any of several genera of marine rays comprising the family Mobulidae (class Selachii). Flattened, and wider than they are long, manta rays have fleshy, enlarged pectoral fins that look like wings; extensions of these fins, looking like devils' horns, project as the cephalic fins from the front of the head. Manta rays have short whiplike tails provided, in some species, with one or more stinging spines.

      Manta rays, related to sharks and skates, are found in warm waters along continents and islands. They swim at or near the surface, propelling themselves by flapping their pectoral fins and, at times, leaping or somersaulting out of the water. They feed on plankton and small fishes that they sweep into their mouths with their cephalic fins.

      The smallest of the manta rays, species Mobula diabolis of Australia, grows to no more than 60 cm (2 feet) across, but the Atlantic manta, or giant devil ray (Manta birostris; see ), largest of the family, may grow to more than 7 m (23 feet) wide. The Atlantic manta is a well-known species, brown or black in colour and very powerful, but inoffensive. It does not, old tales to the contrary, envelop pearl divers and devour them.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Manta Ray — Datos generales Origen Gijón,  España Información ar …   Wikipedia Español

  • manta ray — n. An extremely large pelagic tropical ray of the family {Mobulidae}, that feeds on plankton and small fishes. It is usually harmless but its size (up to 20 feet across and up to a ton in weight) make it dangerous if harpooned. Called also… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Manta ray — This article is about the animal. For things named after it, see Manta (disambiguation) and Devil ray (disambiguation). Manta ray Temporal range: 23–0 Ma[1] …   Wikipedia

  • manta ray — noun extremely large pelagic tropical ray that feeds on plankton and small fishes; usually harmless but its size make it dangerous if harpooned • Syn: ↑manta, ↑devilfish • Hypernyms: ↑ray • Hyponyms: ↑Atlantic manta, ↑Manta birostris, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • manta ray — Cephaloptera Ceph a*lop te*ra (s[e^]f [.a]*l[o^]p t[ e]*r[.a]), n. [NL., fr. Gr. kefalh head + ptero n wing.] (Zo[ o]l.) One of the generic names of the gigantic ray ({Manta birostris}) of the family {Mobulidae}, known as {devilfish}, {sea devil} …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Manta ray night dive — The Manta ray night dive is a scuba diving excursion to view manta rays. Two manta rays feeding at night Contents 1 Description …   Wikipedia

  • manta ray — /ˈmæntə reɪ/ (say mantuh ray) noun any of several rays of the genus Manta, widely distributed in warm seas, sometimes reaching a width of six metres, with earlike flaps on either side of the head; devilfish. Also, manta …  

  • manta ray — noun Date: 1951 any of several extremely large rays (genera Manta and Mobula) that are widely distributed in warm seas and have enlarged pectoral fins resembling wings …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • manta ray — noun Any of several very large pelagic rays of the genus Manta, with winglike pectoral fins, a long tail, and two fins resembling horns that project from the head …   Wiktionary

  • Manta Ray — any of various tropical ray fish of the family Mobulidae related to sharks, deep sea fish with a flat diamond shaped body and a long slender tail …   English contemporary dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”