Vesey, Denmark

Vesey, Denmark
born с 1767, probably St. Thomas, Danish West Indies
died July 2, 1822, Charleston, S.C., U.S.

U.S. insurrectionist.

Born into slavery, he was sold to a Bermuda slaver captain, with whom he sailed on numerous voyages. They settled in Charleston, S.C., and Vesey was allowed to purchase his freedom for $600 in 1800. After reading antislavery literature, he determined to oppose the oppression of slaves. He organized city and plantation blacks (up to 9,000 by some estimates) for an uprising in which they would attack arsenals, seize arms, kill all whites, burn Charleston, and free the slaves on surrounding plantations. After a house servant warned the authorities, the insurrection was forestalled and 130 blacks were arrested; Vesey was tried and hanged with 35 others.

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▪ American freed slave and insurrectionist
born c. 1767, probably St. Thomas, Danish West Indies
died July 2, 1822, Charleston, S.C., U.S.

      self-educated black who planned the most extensive slave revolt in U.S. history (Charleston, 1822).

      Sold as a boy in 1781 to a Bermuda slaver captain named Joseph Vesey, young Denmark, who assumed his master's surname, accompanied him on numerous voyages and in 1783 settled with his owner in Charleston.

      In 1800 Denmark was allowed to purchase his freedom with $600 he had won in a street lottery. He was already familiar with the great Haitian slave revolt of the 1790s, and while working as a carpenter he read anti-slavery literature. Dissatisfied with his second-class status as a freedman and determined to help relieve the far more oppressive conditions of bondsmen he knew, Vesey planned and organized an uprising of city and plantation blacks. The plan reportedly called for the rebels to attack guardhouses and arsenals, seize their arms, kill all whites, burn and destroy the city, and free the slaves. As many as 9,000 blacks may have been involved, though some scholars dispute this figure.

      Warned by a house servant, white authorities on the eve of the scheduled outbreak made massive military preparations, which forestalled the insurrection. During the ensuing two months, some 130 blacks were arrested. In the trials that followed, 67 were convicted of trying to raise an insurrection; of these, 35, including Vesey, were hanged, and 32 were condemned to exile. In addition, four white men were fined and imprisoned for encouraging the plot.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Vesey,Denmark — Ve·sey (vēʹzē), Denmark. 1767? 1822. American insurrectionist. A freed slave in South Carolina, he was implicated in the planning of a large uprising of slaves and was hanged. The event led to more stringent slave codes in many Southern states. * …   Universalium

  • Vesey, Denmark — ( 1767, probablemente St.Thomas, Antillas danesas–2 jul. 1822, Charleston, S.C., EE.UU.). Insurrecto en EE.UU. Nacido en la esclavitud, fue vendido a un capitán de Bermuda, traficante en esclavos, con quien navegó en numerosos viajes. Se… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Denmark Vesey — Part of a series of articles on... 1712 New York Slave Revolt (New York City, Suppressed) 1733 St. John Slave Revolt (Saint John, Suppressed) 1739 Stono Rebellion (South Carolina, Suppressed) 1741 New York Conspiracy (New York City, Suppressed)… …   Wikipedia

  • Denmark — /den mahrk/, n. a kingdom in N Europe, on the Jutland peninsula and adjacent islands. 5,268,775; 16,576 sq. mi. (42,930 sq. km). Cap.: Copenhagen. * * * Denmark Introduction Denmark Background: Once the seat of Viking raiders and later a major… …   Universalium

  • Denmark Vesey House — U.S. National Register of Historic Places U.S. National Historic Landmark …   Wikipedia

  • Denmark Vesey — (1767? – 1822) fut le leader d une révolte d esclaves sévèrement réprimée en Caroline du Sud en 1822. Considéré comme un héros par les plus radicaux des abolitionnistes américains, son nom a notamment servi de cri de ralliement aux régiments… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Denmark Vesey — (ursprünglich Telemaque; * 1767 ?; † 2. Juli 1822) war ein afroamerikanischer Sklave und Freiheitskämpfer, der den größten Sklavenaufstand in der Geschichte der USA plante. Er konnte den Plan jedoch nicht umsetzen, da er verraten wurde. Die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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