Tonghak Uprising

Tonghak Uprising
(1894) Korean peasant rebellion that sparked the Sino-Japanese War.

Despite being persecuted for it, impoverished peasants turned increasingly to Tonghak ("Eastern Learning"; see Ch'ŏndogyo), a syncretic, nationalistic religion that opposed Western culture and espoused equality of all people. When demonstrations staged by Tonghak followers calling for social reform met with a negative government response, the peasantry united with them in a rebellion that succeeded in defeating government troops in southern Korea. The government called on China for aid; Japan sent in troops without being asked, and China and Japan clashed. The rebels laid down their arms to defuse tensions; nevertheless, the Sino-Japanese War ensued. The leaders of the uprising, including Ch'oe Si-hyŏng, were executed.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Ch'oe Si-hyŏng — born 1827, Korea died 1898, Seoul Second leader of the Korean Tonghak (now Ch ŏndogyo) religion. He organized the underground network that spread the apocalyptic, antiforeign Tonghak sect following the execution of its founder, Ch oe Che u… …   Universalium

  • Korea — /keuh ree euh, kaw , koh /, n. 1. a former country in E Asia, on a peninsula SE of Manchuria and between the Sea of Japan and the Yellow Sea: a kingdom prior to 1910; under Japanese rule 1910 45; now divided at 38° N into North Korea and South… …   Universalium

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  • Sino-Japanese War — /suy noh jap euh neez , nees , jap euh neez , nees / 1. the war (1894 95) between China and Japan over the control of Korea that resulted in the nominal independence of Korea and the Chinese cession to Japan of Formosa and the Pescadores. 2. the… …   Universalium

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