Stewart, Potter

Stewart, Potter
born Jan. 23, 1915, Jackson, Mich., U.S.
died Dec. 7, 1985, Hanover, N.H.

U.S. jurist.

He studied law at Yale University and was admitted to the bar in New York and Ohio in 1941. After settling in Cincinnati, Ohio, he served on the city council and as vice mayor before his appointment to the U.S. Court of Appeals in 1954. In 1958 Pres. Dwight D. Eisenhower appointed him to the Supreme Court of the United States, where he served until 1981. A moderate, he wrote the majority opinion in the Shelton v. Tucker case, which held unconstitutional the requirement that teachers list all the associations to which they belong, and also wrote a memorable dissent in Miranda v. Arizona, in which he argued that the court's decision provided too much protection to defendants and undermined the ability of the police to enforce the law. He is perhaps best remembered for summarizing the difficulty in defining obscenity, writing in a concurring opinion that "I know it when I see it."

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▪ United States jurist
born Jan. 23, 1915, Jackson, Mich., U.S.
died Dec. 7, 1985, Hanover, N.H.
 associate justice of the United States Supreme Court (1958–81).

      Stewart was admitted to the bar in New York and Ohio in 1941 and after World War II settled in Cincinnati. He served on the city council and as vice mayor before his appointment to the Court of Appeals for the sixth district in 1954. In 1958 President Dwight D. Eisenhower appointed him to the U.S. Supreme Court.

      Voting generally with the conservative bloc, Stewart was often described during the 1960s as the “swing man” on close court decisions involving the exercise of government powers. In Shelton v. Tucker he wrote the majority opinion holding unconstitutional a requirement that teachers list all their associations. Stewart also wrote a number of memorable dissents in cases involving individual freedoms, including Engel v. Vitale, Griswold v. Connecticut, and Miranda v. Arizona. In his dissents, as in his opinions, Stewart sought to define rather than deny the exercise of governmental powers. He retired from the court in 1981.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Stewart,Potter — Stewart, Potter. 1915 1985. American jurist who served as an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1958 1981). * * * …   Universalium

  • Stewart, Potter — (23 ene. 1915, Jackson, Mich., EE.UU.–7 dic. 1985, Hanover, N.H.). Jurista estadounidense. Estudió derecho en la Universidad de Yale y fue admitido en la asociación de abogados de los estados de Nueva York y Ohio en 1941. Después de establecerse… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Potter Stewart — (* 23. Januar 1915 in Jackson, Michigan; † 7. Dezember 1985 in Hanover, New Hampshire) war ein US amerikanischer Juri …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stewart — Stewart, Jacky Stewart, James * * * (as used in expressions) Allen Stewart Konigsberg Bluford, Guion S(tewart), Jr. Castlereagh, Robert Stewart, vizconde Chamberlain, Houston Stewart Darnley, Henry Stewart, Lord Stuart, Stewart Halsted, William… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Stewart — /stooh euhrt, styooh /, n. 1. Also, Stuart. See Darnley, Lord Henry. 2. Dugald /dooh geuhld, dyooh /, 1753 1828, Scottish philosopher. 3. James Maitland (Jimmy), 1908 97, U.S. actor. 4. Potter, 1915 85, U.S. jurist: associate justice of the U.S.… …   Universalium

  • potter — potter1 /pot euhr/, n. a person who makes pottery. [bef. 1100; ME; late OE pottere. See POT1, ER1] potter2 potterer, n. potteringly, adv. /pot euhr/, v.i., n. Chiefly Brit. putter1. [1520 30; freq. of obs., dial. pote to push, poke, ME poten, OE… …   Universalium

  • Potter — /pot euhr/, n. 1. Beatrix /bee euh triks/, 1866 1943, English writer and illustrator of children s books. 2. Paul, 1625 54, Dutch painter. * * * (as used in expressions) Aiken Conrad Potter Huntington Collis Potter Potter Helen Beatrix Potter… …   Universalium

  • Potter — (as used in expressions) Aiken, Conrad (Potter) Huntington, Collis P(otter) Potter, (Helen) Beatrix Potter, Dennis (Christopher George) Stewart, Potter Martha Beatrice Potter …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Stewart (Familienname) — Stewart ist ein Familienname. Für den Clan, siehe Stewart (Clan). Für weitere Varianten siehe Stuart (Name) und Steward. Namensträger Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stewart — Stewart1 [sto͞o′ərt, styo͞o′ərt] n. a masculine name: see STUART1 Stewart2 [sto͞o′ərt, styo͞o′ərt] 1. James (Maitland) (called Jimmy Stewart) 1908 97; U.S. film actor 2. Potter 1915 85; U.S. jurist: associate justice, Supreme Court (1958 81)… …   English World dictionary

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