Sobat River

Sobat River
River, east-central Africa.

Formed by the confluence of the Baro and Pibor rivers on the Ethiopian border, it merges with the Jabal River in Sudan to form the White Nile. A major tributary of the Nile River, it is 460 mi (740 km) long.

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      major tributary of the Nile, joining the Baḥr al-Jabal (“Mountain Nile”) above Malakāl, The Sudan, to form the White Nile (White Nile River). The Sobat is formed by the confluence of its two main headstreams—the Baro and Pibor—on the Ethiopian border, southeast of Nāṣir, The Sudan. Other Ethiopian headstreams include the Jokau, Gilo, and Akobo. From the Baro–Pibor confluence, the river flows about 220 mi (354 km) west-northwest in a series of meanders to its mouth on the Baḥr al-Jabal, receiving two streams, the Khawr Nyanding and Khawr Ful Lus, from the south.

      Approaching the Nile, the Sobat deepens to 18–30 ft (5 1/2–9 m) and narrows to 400 ft. Its enormous discharge when in flood (November–December) carries a whitish sediment that gives the White Nile its name. The Sobat and Baro rivers are navigable by steamer (June–December) upstream to Gambela, Eth., and the Sobat–Pibor waterway carries small craft during the same period to Pibor Post, about 130 mi up the Pibor from its junction with the Baro. A ferry crosses the Sobat below the mouth of Khawr Ful Lus. During the dry season, the fall in river level uncovers land used for grazing, thus providing pasturage for the cattle-owning peoples of the region.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • river — river1 riverless, adj. riverlike, adj. /riv euhr/, n. 1. a natural stream of water of fairly large size flowing in a definite course or channel or series of diverging and converging channels. 2. a similar stream of something other than water: a… …   Universalium

  • White Nile River — ▪ river, The Sudan Arabic  Al baḥr Al abyaḍ,    section of the Nile between Malakāl and Khartoum, The Sudan. It is formed by the confluence of the Mountain Nile (Baḥr al Jabal) and the Sobat River above Malakāl, and flows for about 500 miles (800 …   Universalium

  • Sobat — geographical name river 460 miles (740 kilometers) W Ethiopia & SE Sudan flowing W into White Nile River …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Nile River — Arabic Baḥr al Nīl River, eastern and northern Africa. The longest river in the world, it is about 4,132 mi (6,650 km) long from its remotest headstream and 3,473 mi (5,588 km) from Lake Victoria to the Mediterranean Sea. It flows generally north …   Universalium

  • Río Sobat — El río Sobat visto desde el aire País que atraviesa  Sudán del Sur …   Wikipedia Español

  • Baro River — Infobox River river name = Baro River image size = caption = origin = mouth = coord|8.4346|33.2202|display=inline,title|region:ET GA type:river into Sobat River basin countries = Ethiopia Sudan length = elevation = mouth elevation = discharge =… …   Wikipedia

  • Pibor River — Infobox River river name = Pibor River image size = caption = origin = Pibor Post mouth = coord|8.4337|33.2185|display=inline,title|region:SD 20 type:river into Sobat River basin countries = Sudan length = convert|320|km|mi|abbr=on elevation =… …   Wikipedia

  • Akobo River — Infobox River river name = Akobo River image size = caption = origin = mouth = coord|7.7944|33.0461|display=inline,title|region:ET GA type:river into Pibor River basin countries = Ethiopia Sudan length = elevation = mouth elevation = discharge =… …   Wikipedia

  • Gilo River — The Gilo River is a river in the Gambela Region of southwestern Ethiopia. From its source in the Ethiopian Highlands near Mizan Teferi it flows to join the Pibor River on Ethiopia s border with Sudan. Its waters then join the Sobat River and the… …   Wikipedia

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