Soane, Sir John

Soane, Sir John
born Sept. 10, 1753, Goring, Oxfordshire, Eng.
died Jan. 20, 1837, London

British architect.

He was appointed architect to the Bank of England in 1788. Various government appointments followed, and in 1806 he succeeded his mentor, George Dance (1741–1837), as professor of architecture at the Royal Academy. His work is characterized by a tendency to reduce Classical elements to their structural essentials, to use linear instead of modeled ornamentation, to favour shallow domes and top lighting, and to handle interior spaces in an ingenious manner.

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▪ British architect
Soane originally spelled  Soan 
born Sept. 10, 1753, Goring, Oxfordshire, Eng.
died Jan. 20, 1837, London

      British architect notable for his original, highly personal interpretations of the Neoclassical (Classicism and Neoclassicism) style. He is considered one of the most inventive European architects of his time.

      In 1768 Soane entered the office of George Dance the Younger (Dance, George, the Younger), surveyor to the City of London. In 1772 he went to Henry Holland (Holland, Henry) as an assistant, and from 1772 he also attended Royal Academy of Arts schools. Granted a traveling scholarship by King George III, he went to Italy in 1778.

 As a country house architect, Soane had modest success until he was appointed architect to the Bank of England (England, Bank of) in 1788. Various government appointments followed, and in 1806 he succeeded Dance as professor of architecture at the Royal Academy; he was knighted in 1831. A collection of his lectures, edited by David Watkin, was published in 1996.

      The list of his works is extensive. Some of the finest are his rebuilding of the Bank of England (England, Bank of) (1788–1833; later rebuilt), Dulwich College (Dulwich) Picture Gallery (1811–14), London, and his own house in London at 13 Lincoln's Inn Fields (1812–13), which is now Sir John Soane's Museum.

      His style is characterized by a tendency to reduce Classical elements of design to their structural essentials, the substitution of linear for modeled ornamentation, frequent use of shallow domes and top lighting, and ingenious handling of interior space.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Soane, Sir John — (10 sep. 1753, Goring, Oxfordshire, Inglaterra–20 ene. 1837, Londres). Arquitecto británico. En 1788 fue nombrado arquitecto del Banco de Inglaterra. Le siguieron muchos nombramientos gubernamentales, y en 1806 sucedió a su mentor, George Dance… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • SOANE, SIR JOHN —    English architect, who left his house in Lincoln s Inn Fields with art collection to the nation at his death in 1837 …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Sir John Soane's Museum — ist ein Museum in London, das aus den drei zusammengelegten ehemaligen Wohnhäusern Sir John Soanes besteht. Das Museum wurde im 19. Jahrhundert gegründet. Die Gründung des Museums wird mit dem 20. April 1833 durch einen Act of Parliament to… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sir John Soane's Museum — (often abbreviated to the Soane Museum) is a museum of architecture, and was formerly the house and studio of the neo classical architect Sir John Soane. It holds many drawings and models of his projects and the collections of paintings, drawings …   Wikipedia

  • Sir John Soane’s Museum — Sir John Soane s Museum Sir John Soane s Museum ist ein Museum in London, das aus den drei zusammengelegten ehemaligen Wohnhäusern Sir John Soanes besteht. Das Museum wurde im 19. Jahrhundert gegründet. Die Gründung des Museums wird mit dem 20.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sir John Soane's Museum — 51°31′01″N 00°07′02″O / 51.51694, 0.11722 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sir John Soane’s Museum — ➡ Soane * * * …   Universalium

  • John Soane — Sir John Soane [səʊn] (* 10. September 1753 in Reading oder Goring on Thames zwischen Oxfordshire und Berkshire; † 20. Januar 1837 in London) war ein britischer Architekt und Professor der Royal Academy. Ausgehend von der Tradition des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • SOANE (J.) — SOANE sir JOHN (1753 1837) L’architecte anglais Soane appartient à la catégorie des artistes qui découragent toute tentative de classification. Par sa longue carrière, la diversité de ses sources et la coexistence de tendances divergentes dans… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • john — /jon/, n. Slang. 1. a toilet or bathroom. 2. (sometimes cap.) a fellow; guy. 3. (sometimes cap.) a prostitute s customer. [generic use of the proper name] * * * I known as John Lackland born Dec. 24, 1167, Oxford, Eng. died Oct. 18/19, 1216,… …   Universalium

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