Schoenberg, Arnold (Franz Walter)

Schoenberg, Arnold (Franz Walter)
born Sept. 13, 1874, Vienna, Austro-Hungarian Empire
died July 13, 1951, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S.

Austrian-born U.S. composer.

He was raised as a Catholic by his Jewish-born parents. He began studying violin at age eight and later taught himself cello. While working as a bank clerk, he studied composition with Alexander Zemlinsky (1871–1942); Schoenberg soon wrote his first string quartet (1897), which was acclaimed. With Richard Strauss's help he obtained a teaching post in Berlin, but he soon returned to Vienna, having composed his gigantic cantata Gurrelieder (1901, orchestrated 1913). In 1904 Alban Berg and Anton Webern began their studies with him, which would profoundly shape their later artistic careers. About 1906 Schoenberg came to believe that tonality had to be abandoned. During his subsequent period of "free atonality" (1907–16) he created remarkable works such as the monodrama Erwartung (1909), Five Orchestral Pieces (1909), and Pierrot lunaire (1912). From 1916 to 1923 he issued almost nothing, being occupied with teaching and conducting but also seeking a way to organize atonality. He eventually developed the 12-tone method (see serialism), in which each composition is formed from a special row or series of 12 different tones. In 1930 he began work on a three-act opera based on a single tone row; Moses und Aron remained unfinished at his death. The rise of Nazism moved him to reassert his Jewish faith and forced him to flee to the U.S., where he remained, teaching at the University of California at Los Angeles (1936–44). Though never embraced by a broad public, he may have exercised a greater influence on 20th-century music than any other composer.

Arnold Schoenberg.

Pictorial Parade

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Schönberg, Arnold (Franz Walter) — (13 sep. 1874, Viena, Austría Hungría–13 jul. 1951, Los Ángeles, Cal., EE.UU.). Compositor estadounidense de origen austríaco. Fue criado en la fe católica por sus padres judíos. Comenzó a estudiar violín a la edad de ocho años y más tarde… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Franz — /franz, frants/; Ger. /frddahnts/, n. a male given name, German form of Frank. * * * (as used in expressions) Beckenbauer Franz Becker Boris Franz Boas Franz Bopp Franz Brentano Franz Clemens Canaris Wilhelm Franz Karl Franz Josef Chrysander Karl …   Universalium

  • Arnold — /ahr nld/, n. 1. Benedict, 1741 1801, American general in the Revolutionary War who became a traitor. 2. Sir Edwin, 1832 1904, English poet and journalist. 3. Henry H. ( Hap ), 1886 1950, U.S. general. 4. Matthew, 1822 88, English essayist, poet …   Universalium

  • Walter — /vahl teuhr/ for 1; /wawl teuhr/ for 2, 3, n. 1. Bruno /brooh noh/, (Bruno Schlesinger), 1876 1962, German opera and symphony conductor, in U.S. after 1939. 2. Thomas Ustick /yooh stik/, 1804 87, U.S. architect. 3. a male given name. * * * (as… …   Universalium

  • Schoenberg — biographical name Arnold Franz Walter 1874 1951 American (Austrian born) composer • Schoenbergian adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Franz Schmidt — (December 22, 1874 ndash; February 11, 1939) was an Austrian composer, cellist and pianist. Life Schmidt was born in Pressburg, in the Austro Hungarian Empire (this is now Bratislava, Slovakia). His earliest teacher was his mother, an… …   Wikipedia

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  • Arnold Schönberg — Schönberg in Los Angeles, etwa 1948 Arnold Schönberg (* 13. September 1874 in Wien; † 13. Juli 1951 in Los Angeles) war ein US amerikanischer Komponist österreichisch jüdischer Herkunft, Musiktheoretiker, L …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pierrot Lunaire — This article is about the Schoenberg composition. For the cycle of poems by Albert Giraud, see Pierrot lunaire (book). For the Italian band, see Pierrot Lunaire (band). Dreimal sieben Gedichte aus Albert Girauds Pierrot lunaire ( Three times… …   Wikipedia

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