Sancho IV

Sancho IV
known as Sancho the Brave

born 1257
died April 25, 1295, Toledo, Castile

King of Castile and Leon (1284–95).

The second son of Afonso X, he won the backing of nobles and military orders in his effort to gain recognition as heir, and he usurped the throne on his father's death. Sancho defeated an invasion of Andalusia by the king of Fès (1290) and won the support of Aragon by marrying his son to the daughter of James II. He depended greatly on his warrior-queen, María de Molina (d. 1321).

* * *

▪ king of Castile and Leon
byname  Sancho The Brave,  Spanish  Sancho El Bravo 
born 1257
died April 25, 1295, Toledo, Castile

      king of Castile and Leon from 1284 to 1295, second son of Alfonso X. Though ambitious and ruthless, he was also an able politician and a cultivated man.

      In 1275 his elder brother, Fernando de la Cerda, was killed, leaving a son, Alfonso de la Cerda, heir to Alfonso X. Sancho, supported by the nobles and the military orders, sought recognition as heir instead of his nephew and took up arms against the king. After some years of strife he succeeded in making good his usurpation on his father's death (April 1284). Support for Alfonso de la Cerda came from factions at home and from France and Aragon. Sancho finally removed this threat by arranging a marriage (1291) between his eldest daughter, Isabel, and James II of Aragon. Despite these political troubles he succeeded in defeating an invasion of Andalusia by the king of Fès (1290). Sancho owed much to his ablest supporter, Lope Díaz de Haro, whom he killed in anger during an argument at Alfaro (1288). He also depended greatly on his warrior-queen, María de Molina, who served as regent for his son Ferdinand IV.

▪ king of Navarre

born c. 1038
died 1076, Peñalén, Navarre [Spain]

      king of Pamplona (Navarre) from 1054 to 1076, son of García III (or IV).

      Sancho had to contend with Castilian irredentism and Aragonese ambition. His act of persuading the Moorish king of Saragossa to become his vassal offended Alfonso VI of Castile, who invaded Pamplona (1074) and conspired with Sancho's brothers and magnates to assassinate him at Peñalén. The kingdom of Pamplona was then occupied by Sancho Ramírez of Aragon, with Navarrese approval.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sancho — ist ein im spanischen und portugiesischen Sprachgebiet verbreiteter Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Bekannte Namensträger 1.1 Herrscher 1.2 Fiktive Figuren 1.3 Familienname …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sancho — (nombre de persona usado como «progenérico»; Ar., Man., Nav.) m. *Cerdo. Sancho Panza (n. calif.). Se aplica a la persona *acomodaticia y falta de ideales. ⇒ Sanchopancesco. * * * sancho1. (De sanch, voz para llamar al cerdo). m. Ter …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Sancho I — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Hay varias personas llamadas Sancho I: Sancho I García ( 1017), conde de Castilla; Sancho I de León, el Craso (935 966), rey de León en dos periodos diferentes (956 958 y 960 966); Sancho I de Castilla, coronado… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sancho I. — Sancho I. bezeichnet folgende Personen: Sancho I. (Gascogne) († 812), Herzog der Gascogne Sancho I. (Navarra) (Sancho I. Garcés; 860–925), König von Navarra Sancho I. (León) (935–966), König von León Sancho I. (Galicien) ( 895–929), König von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sancho I — can refer to:* Sancho I of Pamplona (d. 926) * Sancho I Ordóñez (d. 929), king of Galicia * Sancho I of León (d. 966) * Sancho Ramírez, King of Aragon and Navarre (d. 1094), Sancho I of Aragon * Sancho I of Portugal (1154 1212) …   Wikipedia

  • Sancho II — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Hay varias personas llamadas Sancho II: Sancho II de León, I de Castilla el Fuerte, rey de Castilla (1065 1072) y León (1072); Sancho Garcés II, rey de Pamplona (nombre por el que, en un principio, se conoció al… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sancho II. — Sancho II. bezeichnet folgende Personen: Sancho II. (Gascogne), Herzog der Gascogne Sancho II. (Navarra) (938–994), König von Navarra 970 bis 994 Sancho II. (Kastilien) ( 1038–1072), König von Kastilien 1065 bis 1072 und León 1072 Sancho II.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sancho IV — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El término Sancho IV puede referirse a: Sancho IV el de Peñalén, rey de Pamplona (1054 1076) Sancho IV el Bravo, rey de Castilla (1284 1295) Obtenido de Sancho IV Categoría: Wikipedia:Desambiguación …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sancho — m Spanish: of uncertain origin. The vernacular form Sancho and the Latin Sanctius are used interchangeably in medieval documents, and it is possible that Sancho is derived from Sanctius, a derivative of sanctus holy. On the other hand, the… …   First names dictionary

  • Sancho II — may refer to:* Sancho II of Castile (1040 1072), King of Castile (1065 1072) and Leon (1072) * Sancho II of Pamplona (b. aft. 935–994), King of Pamplona and Count of Aragon (970 994) * Sancho II of Portugal (1207 1248), King of Portugal (1223… …   Wikipedia

  • Sancho IV — can refer to:*Duke Sancho IV Garcés of Gascony (d. 950x955) *King Sancho IV of Navarre (d. 1076) *King Sancho IV of Castile (c. 1257 1295) …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”