Rosenquist, James

Rosenquist, James
born Nov. 29, 1933, Grand Forks, N.D., U.S.

U.S. painter.

His youthful employment as a billboard painter influenced the enlarged imagery and cool, impersonal style of painting that he developed by the early 1960s. In a typical painting, he juxtaposed imagery from pop culture, advertising, and other mass media using bright colours and a large canvas. This interest in popular culture has led many to define him as a precursor to Pop art. He has also created large works combining lithography, screenprinting, etching, and collage.

* * *

▪ American artist
born Nov. 29, 1933, Grand Forks, N.D., U.S.

      one of the seminal figures of the Pop art movement, who took as his inspiration the subject and style of modern commercial culture. Through a complex layering of such motifs as Coca-Cola bottles, kitchen appliances, packaged foods, and sexy female models, Rosenquist's large canvases and prints embody and comment on the dizzying omnipresence of the consumer world.

      Rosenquist grew up in North Dakota and Minnesota, and at age 14 he won a scholarship to study at the Minneapolis School of Art (now the Minneapolis College of Art and Design). He continued art studies at the University of Minnesota from 1952 to 1954. In 1955, having received a scholarship to the Art Students League, he moved to New York City. All the while, Rosenquist supported himself by working as a billboard painter, later using the leftover billboard paint to create small abstract paintings. It was not until 1960 that he abandoned Abstract Expressionism to directly engage the techniques and iconography of his commercial work.

      Rosenquist enjoyed the effect of using a billboard style of painting on smaller canvases, where the images became softly blurred and their literal quality was lost in the close-up orientation and the cropping of the image. He also played with shifts in scale and technique—employing, for example, grisaille and full colour—and juxtaposed a number of different motifs in a single canvas. The completed painting would be a disjunctive display of various pop images that presaged the postmodern strategy of pastiche. Rosenquist's array of signs sometimes suggested an overriding sexual or political theme. In the 1960s he made more overtly political work, epitomized by the monumental wraparound painting F-111 (1965), a canvas in 51 pieces that places American goods against the backdrop of a military fighter-bomber.

      Rosenquist also contributed to the renewal of printmaking in the United States when in 1965 he and a number of other young artists explored the process of lithography at Universal Limited Art Editions, in West Islip, Long Island, N.Y.

Additional Reading
Evelyn Weiss, James Rosenquist: Gemälde-Räume-Graphik (1972), an exhibition catalogue; Judith Goldman, James Rosenquist (1985); Susan Brundage (ed.), James Rosenquist: The Big Paintings: Thiry Years, Leo Castelli (1994).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rosenquist, James — (n. 29 nov. 1933, Grand Forks, N.D., EE.UU.). Pintor estadounidense. De joven, su empleo como pintor de carteleras influyó en la imaginería de gran escala y en el estilo frío e impersonal de la pintura que desarrolló a principios de la década de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • ROSENQUIST (J.) — ROSENQUIST JAMES (1933 ) Le pop art, dont les artistes les plus connus sont Lichtenstein, Wesselman, Warhol, Dine et Rosenquist, est un phénomène explicitement américain. La manifestation de cette forme d’art, apparue vers 1960, plonge ses… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • James — James, Henry James, Henry James, William * * * (as used in expressions) Agee, James Anderson, (James) Maxwell Audubon, John James Baldwin, James (Arthur) Balfour (de Whittingehame), Arthur James, 1 conde Ballard, J(ames) G(raham) Barrie, Sir… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • James — /jaymz/, n. 1. Also called James the Great. one of the 12 apostles, the son of Zebedee and brother of the apostle John. Matt. 4:21. 2. the person identified in Gal. 1:19 as a brother of Jesus: probably the author of the Epistle of St. James. 3.… …   Universalium

  • James Rosenquist — (* 29. November 1933 in Grand Forks, North Dakota) ist ein US amerikanischer Pop Art Maler. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Werk 2 Ausstellungen (Auswahl)[1] 3 Auszeichn …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James Rosenquist — Nacimiento 29 de noviembre de 1933 Nacionalidad …   Wikipedia Español

  • Rosenquist — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Gary Rosenquist, US amerikanischer Amateurfotograf James Rosenquist (* 1933), US amerikanischer Künstler Thea Rosenquist (1896–1959), deutsche Schauspielerin Siehe auch: Rosenqvist …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James Rosenquist — James Rosenquist, né en 1933 à Grand Forks, Dakota du Nord, États Unis, est un peintre américain. Influencé par son métier de peintre publicitaire, sur de très grands formats, sa perception des choses changera et il peindra des tableaux… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rosenquist —   [ rəʊzənkwɪst], James, amerikanischer Maler und Grafiker, * Grand Forks (North Dakota) 29. 11. 1933; Vertreter der amerikanischen Pop Art, war zunächst als Plakatmaler und Industriedesigner tätig. Seine großformatigen Bilder stellen vielfach… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • James Gill (artist) — James Francis Gill (born 1934) is an acclaimed American artist and one of the protagonists in the pop art movement.Background and educationHe was born in Tahoma, Texas and grew up in San Angelo. His mother, who dabbled as a painter, encouraged… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”