Ripley, George

Ripley, George
born Oct. 3, 1802, Greenfield, Mass., U.S.
died July 4, 1880, New York, N.Y.

U.S. journalist and reformer.

He became a Unitarian minister after graduating from Harvard Divinity School. A member of the Transcendental Club and an editor of The Dial, its literary magazine, he founded the utopian community Brook Farm in 1841 and served as its director and leading promoter. When it closed in 1847, he took a job with the New York Tribune to pay off its debts. His own financial position did not become secure until he published The Cyclopedia (1862), a popular reference book.

* * *

▪ American journalist
born Oct. 3, 1802, Greenfield, Mass., U.S.
died July 4, 1880, New York, N.Y.

      journalist and reformer whose life, for half a century, mirrored the main currents of American thought. He was the leading promoter and director of Brook Farm (q.v.), the celebrated utopian community at West Roxbury, Mass., and a spokesman for the utopian socialist ideas of the French social reformer Charles Fourier. Ripley became literary critic for the New York Tribune, and his articles and reviews were widely syndicated. He was an arbiter of taste and culture for much of the reading public.

      Ripley was reared as an orthodox Congregationalist, but he entered the Unitarian ministry after graduating from Harvard Divinity School in 1826. While pastor of Boston's Purchase Street Church, he was a member of the Transcendentalists' Club and an editor of The Dial, the prototypal “little magazine.”

      In 1841 Ripley left the pulpit to found the Brook Farm community. For the next six years he directed Brook Farm and promoted Fourier's ideas. Brook Farm survived until 1847, when financial setbacks forced it to close. Ripley was himself in dire financial straits but determined to pay off the remaining Brook Farm debts; he took a job with Horace Greeley's New York Tribune as book reviewer, city news writer, and translator of foreign news dispatches. His financial position remained precarious until the publication of The Cyclopedia (1862), a widely acclaimed reference book that he coedited.

      As a literary critic Ripley was cautious, scholarly, and courteous; he was commonly judged the ablest critic of his day. He wrote one of the few popular reviews of Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species. Ripley's popular success lay in his ability to reflect the values, aspirations, and tastes of the educated Americans of the age.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ripley,George — Rip·ley (rĭpʹlē), George. 1802 1880. American minister, scholar, and literary critic. An important figure in the New England Transcendentalist movement, he directed the utopian community at Brook Farm, near Boston (1841 1847), and was the… …   Universalium

  • Ripley, George — (3 oct. 1802, Greenfield, Mass., EE.UU.–4 jul. 1880, Nueva York, N.Y.). Periodista y reformador estadounidense. Se convirtió en ministro de la iglesia unitaria tras graduarse de la Escuela de Teología de Harvard. Fue miembro del Club… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • RIPLEY, GEORGE —    American transcendentalist, born in Massachusetts; a friend of Emerson s and founder of BROOK FARM (q.v.); took to Carlyle as Carlyle to him, though he was grieved to see him taken up with the Progress of Species set, and confusing himself… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • George Ripley (Schriftsteller) — George Ripley George Ripley (* 2. Oktober 1802 in Greenfield, Massachusetts; † 4. Juli 1880 in New York) war ein amerikanischer Schriftsteller. Ripley studierte an der Harvard University, Cambridge (Massachusetts), Theologie und war …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • George — George, David Lloyd George, Henry George, Pierre George, Stefan * * * (as used in expressions) Aberdeen, George Hamilton Gordon, 4 conde de George William Russell Akerlof, George A. Alexander, Harold (Rupert Leofric George) Alexander, 1 conde… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • George — /jawrj/, n. 1. a figure of St. George killing the dragon, esp. one forming part of the insignia of the Order of the Garter. 2. Brit. Slang. any coin bearing the image of St. George. 3. a word formerly used in communications to represent the… …   Universalium

  • George Ripley (alchimiste) — Ripley Scroll (c. 1570) Yale University Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library George Ripley (c. 1415 c. 1490) est un alchimiste anglais du XVe siècle. Sommaire 1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • George Ripley — fue un famoso alquimista Inglés del siglo XV, secundado únicamente por Roger Bacon. Ripley estudió durante veinte años en Italia, donde se convirtió en el mejor amigo del Papa Inocencio VIII. Regresó a Inglaterra en el año de 1477 y escribió su… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ripley — may refer to:PeopleRipley is the surname of: * Allen Ripley (born 1952), major league baseball player * Andy Ripley, English rugby union player * Brian D. Ripley, statistician associated with the R programming language * General Eleazer Wheelock… …   Wikipedia

  • Ripley — ist der Name folgender Orte: in Großbritannien: Ripley (Derbyshire), England Ripley (Surrey), England in Kanada: Ripley (Ontario) in den Vereinigten Staaten: Ripley (Illinois) Ripley (Kalifornien) Ripley (Maine) Ripley (Maryland) Ripley… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”